The Republic of Zambia is located in central and southern Africa and covers an area of 260,000 square kilometers. Named after the Zambezi River, Zambia has a population of 10.74 million, most of whom are Bantu blacks, with a total of 73 tribes. Residents believe in indigenous religions, with others considering themselves Catholic or Protestant. The official language is English, although another 31 tribal languages are also spoken. The currency is the Vacha and the capital is Lusaka.
The Zambian national flag is primarily green, symbolizing the country’s natural resources. Red symbolizes the struggle for freedom, black for the people of Zambia, and orange for minerals. There is also a flying eagle which represents Zambia’s independence and freedom.
In the 9th century, the territory of Zambia was home to the Chiluba, Lunda, Kaluo Luo and other tribes of the Kingdom of Ba Luozi. From 1889 to 1900, the British claimed it as part of the British South Africa Company, which gradually controlled the eastern and north-eastern region of Zambia. In 1911, Britain merged the two to Rhodes, named as “Northern Rhodesia protected.” In 1924, the British Government sent the direct management of Northern Rhodesia and in January 1964, Northern Rhodesia achieved internal self-government, with a formal declaration of independence and a change of name to the Republic of Zambia happening later that year, although the country remained in the Commonwealth.
Economy and Culture
The main agricultural products are corn, cassava, cotton, tobacco, peanuts, and sugar cane. Zambia is mineral-rich, with copper reserves of about 6% of the total world reserves. The northern border is about 220 kilometers long with a width of 65 kilometers and, according to Yu, is known as the “copper belt” and “Copper Country.” The cobalt and copper ore reserves rank second in the world, and Zambia’s mining industry is an important pillar of the economy. Copper is particularly important in Zambian society, and is used to decorate many buildings. Shop put a wide variety of copper technology is simply a “copper in the world.” Lusaka, the “copper are,” said.
Kafue National Park
Zambia’s largest wildlife park is the Kafue National Park. Covering an area of 22,500 square kilometers, the park was completed in 1950 and is now home to a wide range of animals, primarily elephants, lions, hippos, rhinos, baboons, ants, bears, and cheetahs. There are also 600 different species of birds. The Kafue river also has a wide variety of fish, including pike, bream, and silver fish, which visitors to the park can catch.