Top 10 Largest Coal Producing Countries in the World


Coal is the most abundant and cleanest form of carbon available on the planet for power generation and generation. For decades, it has served as an alternative to fossil fuels and hydrocarbons. Due to its greater availability, it is much cheaper for domestic and industrial use. Iron and other mills use for the extraction of metals from their ore. Since the early 1880s, coal mining has been done on an excessive scale, and many countries still have large amounts of coal deposits, which are being discovered and mined over the years. This selection highlights the 10 largest coal producing countries in the world.

10. KAZAKHSTAN

Kazakhstan has claimed to produce a total of 116.6 metric tons of coal in 2012. And it has proved to be 85% of total installed capacity in the country. The country is considered the world’s 12th most consuming coal country. And it also has 8 of the largest deposits in the world. There are 400 total deposits in Kazakhstan.

9. POLAND

In 2012, the country produced 144.1 metric tons of coal. And after Germany, Poland is the second largest coal producer in the whole of Europe. Considering it is the eighth largest consumer, Poland’s coal is responsible for the production of 85% of Poland’s electricity generation. And it has 5.7 billion tons of proven deposits under its soil.

8. GERMANY

Germany produced 196.2 metric tons of coal. The country has large reserves and hit a record 180 metric tons of brown coal production. Therefore, it became the largest producer of brown coal in the world, followed by Australia and Russia.

7. SOUTH AFRICA

The country’s total coal production was approximately 280 metric tons in 2012. This country is also named as the sixth largest exporter in the world, which exports approximately 74 metric tons annually. The main goals of its export are large countries like China, India, and Europe. And 90% of electricity generation depends on coal.

6. RUSSIA

Russia stands out with a production of 354.8 metric tons of coal annually. Steam coal accounts for 80% of total production, and the remainder is charcoal. Russia is the largest country in the world and ranked third largest exporter, exporting 134 metric tons of its output to other countries and fifth largest consumer in the world. The open-pit mining operation accounts for 66% of total coal production in the world.

5. INDONESIA

Indonesia stands out with 5.5 billion tonnes of proven reserves worldwide. Coal production accounts for 44% of its electricity production. The center of its production in the country is the eastern region of Kalimantan. Most of the deposits are located in Sumatra, east of Kalimantan, and south of Kalimantan.

4. AUSTRALIA

With the production of 413 metric tons of coal in 2012, Australia became the fourth largest coal producer in the world, in this selection of the 10 largest coal-producing countries on the planet. Of the total production, approximately 90% is exported. And it has 76.4 billion tons of proven coal reserves. Around 74% comes from open pit operations.

3. INDIA

Due to its increased production, India has managed to excel in coal production, and alone accounts for 8% of global consumption in 2012. India generates 68% of electricity using coal. Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Orissa and West Bengal have the majority of reserves, accounting for 70% of domestic coal production.

2. U.S.

The United States stands out with production of 922 metric tons of coal in 2012. Not only is it the second largest coal producer, but it is also the second largest coal consumer on the planet. The United States has 25 of its states conducting coal mining operations. Due to excessive mining and newer technology, the country can produce more than the others. And most of the deposits are concentrated in the Powder River Basin in Wyoming.

1. CHINA

Over the past 30 years, China has maintained its position as the world’s largest coal producer. The country accounts for 47% of global production, producing 3.6 billion tons of coal annually. It also has the largest coal reserves in the world. China has 12,000 mines producing coal in nearly 28 provinces. And it accounts for 80% of the country’s electricity production. Interesting details about the People’s Republic of China, this is characterized the world’s largest nation in terrestrial area, and is determined the third or fourth largest with regard to the integral area.