Top 10 Countries With Highest Illiteracy Rate


Education is the main factor that develops a community, and then the whole country. Schools and universities are responsible for finding generations capable of benefiting their societies. Thus, well-educated countries are in accordance with their principles of life, such as politics and economy are stable or progressing to the best. On the contrary, some countries are considered the most illiterate, and in this selection are highlighted the 10 countries with the highest illiteracy rate in the world.

10. GUINEA

This country is situated on the Atlantic coast of West Africa. About 41% of its population is literate. Most people there are below the poverty level. Only 52% of adults are literate. In this economically unstable country, the precarious education system takes place to raise uneducated children. Many families are not able to buy books or uniforms, with Guiné being tenth in this selection of the 10 countries with the highest illiteracy rate.

9. BENIN

This African country has only 42.4% of its literate population. The country is torn by war and political instability, so the educational system is very precarious. There are some progressive endeavors that try to be useful to the people in this country. High rates of education are a problem. Classrooms are overcrowded, so they discourage the success of a school’s mission and this leads to the precarious educational system in Benin.

8. ETHIOPIA

Only 39% of people in Ethiopia can read and write. Accessibility to education is not present; this has eroded enormous inequalities between the quality of education in private and public schools. In fact, private schools are better and are prepared with more capable teachers, but they are too expensive for most children.

7. CHAD

This country has only 34.5% of the literate population. The government only spends up to 2% of its education income. This African country has one of the lowest percentages of literacy globally. In fact, education is not an attractive issue in Chad, which is the seventh position in this selection of the 10 countries with the highest illiteracy rate.

6. BURKINA FASO

This country has an illiteracy rate of 77% with an insufficient school enrollment rate of only 39.1%. Most people not taught are adults, so the country suffers from the striking shortage of school teachers. The classes are overcrowded with more than 120 students in each one, this makes the children uneducated.

5. SOMALIA

Approximately 37.8% of Somalis are literate. This is because only 710,860 attend the school of 1.7 million. In addition, the continuing crisis of war and famine that Somalia has suffered since 1991 are the main causes of illiteracy there. They basically offered the country a precarious educational system. Low literacy rates confirm that social and economic disasters and civil war have plagued Somalia, despite being a country with one of the highest birth rates in the world.

4. AFGHANISTAN

The illiteracy rate in Afghanistan reaches 63.7%. About 75% of people there live in rural areas with poorer educational opportunities. The country has many problems in increasing literacy, this is mainly attributed to violence, it is among the countries with more terrorism in the world . This problem has negatively affected the country deteriorating schools and education. Another problem is the lack of sufficient teacher education, radical curriculum and child labor.

3. SIERRA LEONE

This country has more than 6 million, with the main income of the mining industry. And it has illiterate high rate of 63.7%. However, shortages of resources and teachers make matters worse. In addition, the Civil War led to extensive destruction of schools. As a solution, new schools are improved to replace older ones. Primary education is compulsory and free.

2. MALI

Only 33.4% of the people in Mali are literate, which is second in this selection of the 10 countries with the highest illiteracy rate. Men are more literate than women, accounting for 43.1%, while only 24.6% of women are literate. Rural schools are very different from urban schools, unskilled teachers teach in rural regions.

1. GAMBIA

The illiteracy rate reaches 63.5%. Free education is compulsory for all by the Gambian government, but the lack of resources and infrastructure has hampered the educational process. 20 years ago, 8 out of 10 people attend school, but high educational fees lead to literacy reductions. Efforts are pursued to improve things for education, and The Gambia is leading position in this selection of the 10 countries with the highest illiteracy rate. The official language of Gambia is English. The Portuguese were the first settlers and concentrated on the Gambia River, a strategic place in relation to the slave trade. In 1765, the country became a British colony, joining the neighboring nation under the name of Province of Senegambia. And in 1965, The Gambia became independent of the United Kingdom. Since becoming an independent nation, the country presented only 2 presidents. The economy of this country has centralization in agriculture, livestock, mainly tourism, and fishing. He is among the poorest countries in the world.