Tajikistan is located in southeastern Central Asia and is also known as the Republic of Tajikistan. Covering an area of 143,100 square kilometers, the country has a population of 6.57 million, 70.5% of whom are Tajiks, with the rest Uzbeks, Russians, and so on. Residents are Muslim. Tajik is the official language, but Russian is also spoken. The currency is the Somoni. Dushanbe (dushanbe) is the capital.
The flag of Tajikistan consists of three rectangels, red, white, green from the top down, with a crown in the middle of the white part along with seven five-pointed stars.
From the 9th to 10th century AD, the Samanide Tajik dynasty had been established, and Tajik customs were essentially formed during this period. In the 13th century, Mongolian Tatars conquered Tajikstan. In the 14th and 15th century, the rulers of the country were descendants of Timur. In the 16th century, the country joined the Khanate of Bukhara. In 1868, northern Fergana and Samarkand were absorbed into Russia. By the end of 1918, Soviet power had been established. In October 1924, the Tajik Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was established, an Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic. In 1929, the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic became a republic of the Soviet Union. By the end of August 1991, it was renamed the Republic of Tajikistan, and declared independence on September 9. In December, Tajikstan joined the CIS.
Economy and Culture
A mountainous territory, 93% of land area is covered by mountains, including about 50% of land area covered by mountains taller than 3,000 meters above sea level. Pamir and Tianshan are some of the world-famous peaks here, praised as the “country of mountains.”.
Arable land accounts for only 7% of the total land area. The main agricultural product is cotton, said to be the “long-staple cotton country.” Cereals cultivated are wheat, barley, maize, and rice. Lemons, persimmons, red pomegranates, and wine are known in Central Asia. Livestock include horses, cattle, and mainly sheep. Industries include mining, light industry, and food industry. The famous Nurek is Central Asia’s largest hydropower station.
Tajiks have manners and hospitality, with simple courtesy, and are kind and respectful. Tajiks are good at singing and dancing, dancing bold and strong with a vigorous mix of soaring action. Tajik sports include horse racing, Diaoyang, and others.