The Kingdom of Swaziland is located in southeastern Africa, covering an area of 17,360 square kilometers. It has a population of about 1.06 million people, most of whom are ethnic Swaziland. Approximately 60% of the population are either Protestant or Catholic, and the remaining adhere to traditional local religion. English and Svaty are the official languages, the currency is the Lilanjini, and the capital is Mbabane.
Swaziland’s national flag contains the colors blue, red and yellow, with a painted and patterned traditional shield with spears in the center. The red symbolizes battle, yellow symbolizes the rich mineral resources, and blue symbolizes peace.
In the late 15th century, Central and East African people began a gradual southward migration to Swaziland, where they settled and established a kingdom by the 16th century. After 1907, Swaziland became a British protectorate, and on September 6, 1968, independence was declared, with the country officially named the Kingdom of Swaziland. So far, Swaziland is the only country in southern Africa to avoid political activities, and is one of the world’s only absolute monarchies.
Economy and Culture
Swaziland is more than just a land of mountains and plateaus. Topography from west to east, the formation of high, medium and low three ladder area. There are also numerous rivers and waterholes, as well as beautiful scenery and pleasant weather. The economy is dominated by agriculture and animal husbandry, with primary crops being rice, corn, peanuts, and cotton. Cattle, sheep, and horses are the main livestock kept. With food, wood fortunately only, cement, chemical fertilizer, textile and other spread sectors king.
Traditionally men wear shawl skins and women wear dresses and shawls with colored yarn. Every year, unmarried women gather and dress in reed costumes, line up outside the Queen Mother’s residence and rhythmically toss bundles of reeds. After this, they dance.