Countries in Southern Europe
Southern Europe, also known as The Mediterranean Europe, includes countries located in the south of the European continent, such as Portugal (which, although not bathed by the Mediterranean Sea, presents the Characteristics of the countries bathed in this country) and by the Mediterranean Sea countries: Spain, Italy, Greece and Turkey, in addition to several small countries like Vatican, San Marino, Monaco, Republic of Malta and Andorra. Also included here are the archipelago of the Azores, the archipelago of Madeira and the Canary Islands.
The South Europe has the following characteristics:
- Cradle of many of the Great Western inventions.
- Cradle of civility and western intellectuality.
- Birthplace of much of the culture, classical music, Western Arts and philosophy.
- Birthplace of numerous moral rules of Western civilization.
- Mainly subtropical or Mediterranean climate with warm summers and mild winters.
The economic characteristics of Southern Europe are:
- Relatively strong presence of agriculture (compared to the almost absence in Northern Europe), but that is not So common in northern Spain and that is almost non-Existent in the center and northern Italy.
- Strong Tourism presence.
- Low levels of economic development and per capita income in some countries (compared to the generality Of other countries in Europe, particularly Western and Nordic Europe ), with exception of the northern Regions of Spain and Italy and The Central and northern coast of Portugal.
How Many Countries in Southern Europe
As a region of Europe, Southern Europe is composed of 16 independent countries (Albania, Andorra, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Greece, Holy See, Italy, Malta, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Portugal, San Marino, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey) and 1 territory (Gibraltar). See below for the list of South European countries and dependencies by population. Also, you can find all of them in alphabetical order at this end of this page.
List of Countries in Southern Europe and Their Capitals
As noted above, there are 3 independent countries in the Southern Europe. Among them, the largest country is Turkey and the smallest is Holy See. The full list of Southern European countries with capitals is shown in the table below, ranked by latest total population.
|Rank||Independent Country||Current Population||Capital|
|8||Bosnia and Herzegovina||3,301,000||Sarajevo|
|14||Andorra||76,177||Andorra la Vella|
|15||San Marino||33,422||San Marino|
|16||Holy See||799||Vatican City|
Territories in Southern Europe
|Dependent Territory||Population||Territory of|
Map of Countries in Southern Europe
Alphabetical List of Countries and Dependencies in Southern Europe
In summary, there are a total of 17 independent countries and dependent territories in Southern Europe. See the following for full list of Southern European countries and dependencies in alphabetical order: