List of All Countries in South America
With slightly less than 12% of the earth’s surface and 6% of the world’s population, South America is a subcontinent that involves the south portion of America (the American continent) with an extension of 17,819,100 km². Four-fifths of the continent are below the Line of the Equator, and South America is bathed by the Caribbean sea, Atlantic ocean and Pacific ocean. It is worth to mention the ethnic composition of the population: the south American is basically of Indians, whites and blacks. Without surprise, countries such as Argentina, Uruguay, Chile, and Brazil have a strong European descent.
In the nineteenth century, the continent received about 15 million immigrants from Europe, and suffered cultural and ideological influences from both the United States and Europe. In the twentieth century, as an effort to stimulate the South American trade, production and integration as a whole, agreements and economic organizations were signed as the ABC pact in 1915, the Andean Community of Nations (CAN) in 1969, the Latin American Free Trade Association (ALALC) in 1960, was replaced by the Latin American Association for Development and Exchange ( ALADI) in 1981, the Common Market of the South (MERCOSUR) in 1991.
The South America has vast natural resources and serious economic and social problems. The industry is concentrated in the processing of agricultural products and in the production of consumer goods, with emphasis on the automobile industry. In Brazil and Argentina it is more diversified, covering sectors such as extraction, oil refining and steel. Brazil is responsible for about three-fifths of South American industrial production. Mining includes oil extraction (especially Venezuela), copper, tin, manganese, Iron and others. Agriculture is intensive in tropical areas, where there are crops focused on exports (coffee, cocoa, banana, sugarcane, Cereals). Livestock farming is practiced on a large scale in the south and downtown.
All Countries in South America
Below, please see an alphabetical list of all 12 independent countries of South America.