List of All Countries in South America


The South America has 12 nations and a population of 3.6 billion, accounting for 5.8% of the world’s population. The residents in South America are made up of Indians, Whites and people of mixed race. The continent has an area of 17,850,000 square kilometers, accounting for about 12% of the world’s land area. Spanish is the most spoken language and residents are primarily Christian.

South America tourism becomes more and more populous. Top spots include Amazonia (Ecuador), Machu Picchu (Peru), Angel Falls (Venezuela), Torres del Paine (Chile), and Salar de Uyuni (Bolivia).

Alphabetical List of South American Countries

As of 2019, there are a total of twelve countries in South America. See the following table for full list of Southern American countries in alphabetical order:

# Country Official Name Independence Date
1 Argentina Argentine Republic July 9, 1816
2 Bolivia Plurinational State of Bolivia August 6, 1825
3 Brazil Federative Republic of Brazil September 7, 1822
4 Chile Republic of Chile February 12, 1818
5 Colombia Republic of Colombia July 20, 1810
6 Ecuador Republic of Ecuador May 24, 1822
7 Guyana Republic of Guyana May 26, 1966
8 Paraguay Republic of Paraguay May 15, 1811
9 Peru Republic of Peru July 28, 1821
10 Suriname Republic of Suriname November 25, 1975
11 Uruguay Eastern Republic of Uruguay August 25, 1825
12 Venezuela Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela July 5, 1811

Map of South America

Map of Countries in South America