Puerto Rico Overview


Puerto Rico (U.S.)

Puerto Rico in an island in the Caribbean Sea, east of the Greater Antilles. It covers an area of 9,104 square kilometers, and has a population of 3.86 million, mainly Hispanics. Christianity is the major religion, and the official languages are Spanish and English. The currency is the U.S. dollar and the capital is San Juan.

Puerto Rico Flag

Puerto Rico Flag

History Summary

Originally inhabited by indigenous Indians, Puerto Rico was discovered by European in 1495, when Christopher Columbus arrived on the island. In 1509 it was colonized by Spain. On September 15, 1821, independence was declared. In 1898, the Spanish-American War ended with Spanish defeat, and Puerto Rico passed to the United States. In 1917, Puerto Ricans were granted U.S. citizenship, and after 1952, obtained the status of U.S. territory.

Economy and Culture Overview

Manufacturing, tourism, garment, and electronic industries are the main productive sectors. Manufacturing accounts for 40% of the gross national product. The living standards are amongst the highest in Latin America.

Puerto Rico Map

Puerto Rico Map