Northern Mariana Islands Overview
Northern Mariana Islands is a U.S. territory located in the Western Pacific. Covering an area of 477 square kilometers, the islands have a combined population of 7.8 million people, most of whom are of Asian origin. Residents are Roman Catholic and the official language is English, with the Chamorro and Caroline languages also spoken. The currency is U.S. dollar and the capital is Saipan.
The Portuguese navigator Magellan arrived here in 1521, and by 1565 the islands were occupied by Spain. In 1899 Spain sold Germany the Marianas, which were later occupied by the Japanese During World War II, in 1944, the U.S. invaded, and the islands have remained in their possession since. The United Nations in 1947 will pay the United States hosted the Northern Mariana. In December 1990, the Northern Mariana Islands became a federal territory, adopting the U.S. flag.