Mongolia is located in Central Asia. It covers an area of 1,566,500 square kilometers and is the world’s second-largest landlocked country. Mongolia has a population of 2.5 million, 80% of whom are Mongolians, inhabited mainly by believers in Lamaism. The primary language is Khalkha Mongolian, and the currency is the Tug. The capital is Ulan Bator (Ulaanbaatar).
Three vertical rectangles alternate red, blue, and red. Drawn from the top left corner is a yellow meal under fire, not 0 head, the moon, triangle, rectangle and Yam age support Ray’s wife, the red sign of victory. Loyality to the motherland is symbolized by blue, while yellow is a symbol of freedom and independence. Fire, sun, and moon so that the people have eternal life; triangles and rectangles represent wisdom, integrity and loyalty to staff Jia. Yin and Yang are the symbol of harmony.
History of Mongolia. Third century BC, became the center of the Hun Empire. AD 15 century, Genghis Khan unified the Mongol Empire. 1279-1368, the Mongols established the Yuan dynasty in China; 17th-18th century conquest by the Qing dynasty. In December 1911, the Russians supported Mongolia’s declaration of independence. In 1917, after the demise of tsarist Russia, it reverted to China. On November 26, 1924, the Mongolian People’s Republic was established. In February 1945, the Soviet Union, the United States and Britain signed the “Yalta Agreement” which provides that “Outer Mongolia (Mongolian People’s Republic of) status must be maintained.” Renamed in 1992 to Mongolia.
Economy and Culture
Mongolia has vast natural pastures, accounting for 83% of the country’s area; the per capita grassland area is largest in the world. Mongolia is a country dominated by animal husbandry. Horse, cattle, camels, roro cars are the main means of transport. Livestock products are mainly leather, boots, harnesses, blankets, and wool. Dairy products, tea, and mutton are favorite Mongolian foods, usually eating meat without chopsticks or a fork, but with the meat held in the left hand, while the right hand holds a knife to eat.
Wrestling, horse racing, and archery are the three favorite sports of ethnic Mongolians. Each year’s Nadam Fair, on July 11, is rich in national characteristics and collective entertainment.
Dances and music include the traditional Mongolian folk musical instruments, piano and wood, about 1 meter long, covered with horse hide or sheepskin, with a piano bar carved at the top of a Tau-shaped decoration. The rhythm is free and the melody soothing, giving an independent, natural beauty like the face.