List of All Countries in Middle East
The Middle East is a term referring to a geographical area around the eastern and southern parts of the Mediterranean Sea. It is a territory stretching from the east of the Mediterranean to the Persian Gulf. The Middle East is a sub-region of Africa-Eurasia (parts of Turkey are in Europe, and the country is considered by some as part of the Latter), especially Asia, and parts of northern Africa. Compared with the rest of Asia, it is a geographically small region with an approximate area of 7 200 000 km². The population of the Middle East is 270 million inhabitants.
The Middle East lies at the junction of Eurasia, Africa, the Mediterranean Sea and the Indian Ocean. It is the birthplace and spiritual center of Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Yazidi, mitraism, zoroastrism, maniqueism , and Bahá’i. Throughout its history, the Middle East has been a major business center in the world, a strategic, economic, political, cultural and religiously sensitive area.
All Countries in Middle East
The Middle East is composed of 15 countries: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Syria, Turkey. See below for a full list of countries in Middle East.
- Saudi Arabia
- United Arab Emirates
Map of Countries in Middle East
More about Middle East
The earliest civilizations of Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt Originated in the Fertile Crescent and in the Nile Valley regions of the ancient East, as well as the civilizations of the Levant, Persia And Arabia. The Middle East was unified for the first time under the Aquemenid Empire followed later by the Macedonian Empire and the Iranian Empire, namely the Parthian Empire And the Sassanian Empire. However, it would be the Arab caliphates in The Middle Ages or Islamic Golden Age, which would first unify the entire Middle East as a distinct region and create the dominant ethnic identity that persists to this day. The seljucidal Turks, The Ottoman Empire and the Safavidas would also dominate the region.
The modern Middle East emerged after the First World War, when the Ottoman Empire ended and Palestine was administered by England. This has caused the conflicts between Arabs and Jews to intensify even more. England supported the Zionist movement, created to establish a Jewish state in Palestine, which was considered the birthplace of the Jewish people.
According to this Zionist system, the role of England would be to create a national home for Jews who had been persecutions all over the world, but without violating the rights of the Palestinians who lived there. So in the TWENTIETH decade there was a great migration of Jews to Palestine.
After World War II and the end of the Holocaust (which killed more than 6 million Jews), the UN (United Nations) approved in 1947, the creation of two states: one Jew (occupying 57% of the area) and another Palestinian (occupying the rest of the territory). This sharing of land displeased the Palestinians (Arabs). In 1948 when the British cleared the region, the Jews created the state of Israel, and one day later, the Arabs dissatisfied with the sharing declared war. It turned out that the Arabs were defeated and this conflict made Israel able to increase its territory from 57% to 75%.
In the twentieth century, important actions of the oil region gave it new strategic and economic importance. The mass production of oil began around 1945, with Saudi Arabia, Iran, Kuwait, Iraq and UAE with large amounts of oil. The estimated oil reserves, especially in Saudi Arabia and Iran, are among the largest in the world, and Opec ‘s international oil cartel is dominated by Middle Eastern countries.
During the Cold war, the Middle East was a theatre of ideological struggle between the two superpowers: The United States and the Soviet Union, which competed for zones of regional influences and allies. Of course, in addition to the political motives, there was also the “ideological conflict” between the two systems. In this contextual context, the United States sought to divert the Arab world from Soviet influence.
Since the end of the Second World War, the region has had periods of relative peace and tolerance, punctuated by conflicts and wars such as The Gulf War, the Iraq War, the Arab-Israeli conflict, the American invasions to Iraq and Afghanistan and the current conflict in Syria. In addition, today, accusations against Iran’s nuclear program further increase the instability of the region.