Libya in northern Africa, all known as the Great Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya. “Libya” derives from the Greek, meaning “white place of residence.” Area of 1.76 million square kilometers. Population of 5.48 million, mainly Arabs, followed by the Berbers. Residents are Muslim. Arabic is the national language. Currency dinar. Tripoli (Tarabulus).
Libya National Flag
The flag is a green rectangle. Green is the color of Islam and signifies love. To the Libyan people green is the color of victory.
In the fifth century BC, a unified Kingdom of Numidia was established. In the 16th century, the Ottoman Empire controlled the coastal areas. In October 1912, it became known as the Italian colony of Libya. Early in 1945, France and Britain occupied the north. On December 24, 1951, Libya was declared independent. On September 1, 1969, Gaddafi’s “free officers organization” staged a coup to overthrow the Idris dynasty and establish the Libyan Arab Republic. In March 1977, the country became called the Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya.
Economy and Culture Overview
With rich oil reserves, oil production is the main pillar of its economy. Central Sabha is one of the world’s most arid regions and only in the north is there a narrow green belt for agricultural production. Agricultural products are wheat, olive oil and fruit. Livestock is sheep and camels.
Great Artificial River
Although Libya is rich in oil resources, the total land area as desert more than 95% of the oil change the water once a sea water desalination plants. 20 years ago, rich underground water reserves were found. So Libya will lead to the north of the southern coastal areas of groundwater. This roads “artificial river” is actually buried water pipeline, the main route length of 2000 km, on the ground can see only the main trunk line at the end of regulation for storage and a large reservoir of water. Reservoir Dam built entirely artificial. From the trunk mains water into the reservoir, but also by size of agricultural land near the open channel irrigation.