Largest Countries in Africa by Population


The 10 Most Populated Countries In Africa

With population of 200.9 million, Nigeria is the most populated country in Africa, followed by Egypt (98.8 million), Ethiopia (98.7 million), Democratic Republic of the Congo (86.8 million), South Africa (57.8 million), Tanzania (55.9 million), Kenya (5236 million), Algeria (43.4 million), Sudan (41.6 million), and Uganda (40 million).

Ranking of All African Countries by Population

Among 54 African countries, the most populous country is Nigeria and the least populous one is Seychelles. The full list of countries in Africa is shown in the table below, ranked by latest total population.

Rank Country Name Population % of African Population Region
1 Nigeria 200,963,599 15.79% Western Africa
2 Egypt 98,839,800 7.77% Northern Africa
3 Ethiopia 98,665,000 7.75% Eastern Africa
4 Democratic Republic of the Congo 86,790,567 6.82% Central Africa
5 South Africa 57,725,600 4.54% Southern Africa
6 Tanzania 55,890,747 4.39% Eastern Africa
7 Kenya 52,573,973 4.13% Eastern Africa
8 Algeria 43,378,027 3.41% Northern Africa
9 Sudan 41,617,956 3.27% Northern Africa
10 Uganda 40,006,700 3.14% Eastern Africa
11 Morocco 35,053,200 2.75% Northern Africa
12 Ghana 30,280,811 2.38% Western Africa
13 Angola 30,175,553 2.37% Central Africa
14 Mozambique 27,909,798 2.19% Eastern Africa
15 Côte d’Ivoire 25,823,071 2.03% Western Africa
16 Madagascar 25,263,000 1.99% Eastern Africa
17 Cameroon 24,348,251 1.91% Central Africa
18 Niger 22,314,743 1.75% Western Africa
19 Burkina Faso 20,870,060 1.64% Western Africa
20 Mali 19,973,000 1.57% Western Africa
21 Malawi 17,563,749 1.38% Eastern Africa
22 Zambia 17,381,168 1.37% Eastern Africa
23 Senegal 16,209,125 1.27% Western Africa
24 Chad 15,692,969 1.23% Central Africa
25 Somalia 15,442,905 1.21% Eastern Africa
26 Zimbabwe 15,159,624 1.19% Eastern Africa
27 South Sudan 12,778,250 1.00% Eastern Africa
28 Rwanda 12,374,397 0.97% Eastern Africa
29 Guinea 12,218,357 0.96% Western Africa
30 Benin 11,733,059 0.92% Western Africa
31 Tunisia 11,551,448 0.91% Northern Africa
32 Burundi 10,953,317 0.86% Eastern Africa
33 Sierra Leone 7,901,454 0.62% Western Africa
34 Togo 7,538,000 0.59% Western Africa
35 Libya 6,777,452 0.53% Northern Africa
36 Central African Republic 5,496,011 0.43% Central Africa
37 Republic of the Congo 5,380,508 0.42% Central Africa
38 Liberia 4,475,353 0.35% Western Africa
39 Mauritania 4,077,347 0.32% Western Africa
40 Eritrea 3,497,117 0.27% Eastern Africa
41 Namibia 2,458,936 0.19% Southern Africa
42 Gambia 2,347,706 0.18% Western Africa
43 Botswana 2,338,851 0.18% Southern Africa
44 Gabon 2,172,579 0.17% Central Africa
45 Lesotho 2,007,201 0.16% Southern Africa
46 Guinea-Bissau 1,604,528 0.13% Western Africa
47 Eswatini (Swaziland) 1,367,254 0.11% Southern Africa
48 Equatorial Guinea 1,358,276 0.11% Central Africa
49 Mauritius 1,265,577 0.10% Eastern Africa
50 Djibouti 1,078,373 0.08% Eastern Africa
51 Comoros 873,724 0.07% Eastern Africa
52 Cabo Verde (Cape Verde) 550,483 0.04% Western Africa
53 Sao Tome and Principe 201,784 0.02% Central Africa
54 Seychelles 96,762 0.01% Eastern Africa

Territories in Africa by Population

In addition to independent countries, there are also 4 dependent territories in Africa. See table below for their latest total population and dependencies.

Rank Dependent Territory Population Territory of
1 Réunion 876,562 France
2 Western Sahara 552,628 NA
3 Mayotte 253,045 France
4 Saint Helena 4,049 U.K.