Known as the Movie Kingdom, India is in the Asian subcontinent, also known as the Republic of India. It covers an area of about 2.98 million square kilometers and has a population of 1.03 billion, with 46% of the residents of the Hindustan family. Other ethnic groups includes the Telugu family, Bangladeshi family, and dozens of other ethnic groups. Residents are Hindu. English and Hindi are both official languages. Currency is the Indian Rupee. The capital is New Delhi (New Delhi).
India National Flag
Composed of three rectangles, colored, from the top down, orange, white, and green. The center of a white rectangle has a 24-spoke blue wheel. Orange symbolizes courage, white symbolizes purity, and green symbolizes faith. The wheel is the sacred wheel Falun, the wheel of truth.
India is one of the world’s four ancient civilizations. The Indus civilization was created around 2000 BC. About 1000 BC, the social division of labor began to form based on the caste system. In the 4th century BC, the rise of the Phoenicians began to unify the Indian subcontinent. In the 11th century, the Muslim nation invaded from the northwest and long ruled India. The Mughal Empire was established in 1526. In 1600 the British invaded and established the East India Company. In 1757, the British began to make India a colony, and in 1849 the entire territory was occupied by the British. In 1857 there were large outbreaks of anti-British uprising, and the following year the British government ruled India directly. In June 1947, the British divided India into two dominions of India and Pakistan. In the same year, on August 15, India got independence. On January 26, 1950, the Republic of India was established for the Commonwealth.
Economy and Culture Overview
India is the world’s largest peanut producer. The country is also a major jute, sugarcane, and tobacco producer. India has the largest number of cattle in the world.
India is among South Asia’s most developed industrial countries, with a full range of light and heavy industry, including electronics, computer software, nuclear, and space technology. Industrial machinery is the largest industrial sector. High-technology and India’s super-computing speed are amazing. The famous “Asian Silicon Valley,” Bangalore, is known to the software industry. Its products are exported to more than 70 countries.
Indian film, song, and dance follows a charming, esoteric philosophy, occupying a unique place in world film. India has three different film production centers, depending on language: Bombay (Hindi), Calcutta (Bengali), and Madras (Tamil), which provides films in 15 languages. Video output has ranked first in the world for many years.
The sari is the most unique national dress of India: a sari is over one meter wide, 78 meters long with texture of cotton silk, studded with colorful patterns and colors and with a gorgeous lace. Traditional saris start from the shoulder and are wound over the body as a short tunic. Sari is always a contemporary, comfortable, elegant, generous, and dignified, fully showing women’s soft curves.
The Taj Mahal at Agra, in northern India near the Yamu River, is the world’s most elegant and most famous building in the romantic style.
In the 17th century, Mughal dynasty emperor Shah Jahan Taj Mahal was after the distraught after the death of his mistress, and he decided to build a mausoleum to commemorate her. Construction of the tomb started in 1632, and it took two thousand people 20 years to complete it. The Taj Mahal is rectangular, covering an area of 177,000 square meters: 304 meters from east to west, and 586 meters from north to south, with red sandstone walls for protection.
The tomb and the all-white marble tower have hundreds of thousands of precious stones embedded in the marble surface, known as “marble poetry.” Each tomb has a 33-meter-high arch, with classic verses of the Muslim “Koran” embedded in the box on the porch. The Taj Mahal inherited symmetrical Islamic architecture, including the overall coordination of the tradition, with gardens and water reflecting together at different times and in different natural lighting bringing out the beauty of the form. It is the most representative building of the Mughal dynasty.
Originating in India, Yoga means “fusion” and “harmony.”It is a practice of human cultivation developed by the people of India for thousands of years. Many specialize in Indian Yoga schools. Yoga has a great spirit, it can concentrate and make the scattered calm. Yoga practice will first focus on making the body strong, and then ask the mind and body to join together as one.