Knowns as the Banana Kingdom, the Republic of Honduras is located in northern Central America, and covers an area of 112,500 square kilometers. The country, whose name in Spanish means “the land of deep water,” has a population of 6.86 million, mainly mestizo. Most residents are Catholic and the official language is Spanish. The currency is the Lempira and the capital is Tegucigalpa.
Honduras’ flag contains three vertical strips of blue and white with five blue five-pointed stars in the center. The colors were taken from the original Central American Federation flag, with the two blue strips symbolizes the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean, and white symbolizing the pursuit of peace. The stars represent the five Central American countries in their quest for unity.
Original inhabited by indigenous Indians, Honduras was colonized by Spain in the 16th century. On September 15, 1821, it declared independence, and in 1825 became part of the Central American Federation. In 1858, it became federal Republic after the dissolution of the Central American Federation.
Economy and Culture
More than 75% of the territory is mountainous, with plateau basins creating the main agricultural areas. The country also has 50% forest cover, enabling the production of pine, fir, mahogany, and other high-quality wood. Honduras has an abundance of bananas, resulting in banana cultivation being the main industry in Honduras, with its banana exports ranks first in the world, earning the country the title “banana kingdom.” The plantations are situated in the low-lying coastal plains of northern Honduras, with a portion of the territory earmarked for the railway, responsible for transporting the bananas.
Ancient Maya civilization in the world of science was an important position. As early as 3000 BC the Maya had already started to use “zero” sign.
Ancient city of Copán ruins
Honduras was part of the ancient Mayan culture. Located in the western valley of Copan, Honduras is home to the oldest and largest Mayan ruins, dating back to approximately 2000 BC. The ruins include a pyramid, square, sculpture, stone, and other hieroglyphic stairs, with stones lined with hieroglyphics, figures, words and images excavated from the ruins. The ancient Maya recorded important events that took place, and the presence of such records makes Copan Avery important archaeological site.