The Republic of Haiti is located in the northern Caribbean, and means “mountainous place” in the local language. With an area of 27,800 square kilometers, Haiti has a population of 8.13 million, 95% of whom are black. Therefore, it is referred to as the “black republic.” Residents are Catholic, and the official language is French, although Creole is spoken by 90% of the residents. Money for the Good. The capital is Port au Prince.
Haiti National Flag
Haiti’s flag is divided horizontally into red and blue, with a white rectangle containing a crest in the middle. The colors are taken from the French flag.
In 1492, Columbus arrived at what was to become known as Aura Island, which today is known as Haiti and the Dominican Republic. In 1502 the island became a Spanish colony, and in 1697 the western part of the island was ceded to France, becoming the French Santo Domingo. In 1791, a war of independence broke out against France, and on January 1, 1804, independence was declared, with the country taking the name Haiti. It is the world’s first independent black state. Between 1915 and 1934, Haiti was occupied by the U.S., and between 1957 and 1986, the Duvalier family implemented a 29-year dictatorship.
Economy and Culture Overview
Haiti is one of the poorest countries in Latin America, and is one of the world’s least developed countries, relying primarily on agriculture.