List of All Countries in European Union


As an economic and political union, the European Union is composed of 28 member nations. Except Cyprus which is located in Western Asia, all members are from Europe. Abbreviated for EU, the European Union has a population of 512,497,877 and an area of 4,475,757 km2. Not yet a federation, the Union has grown into a single market where 19 members use the same currency – EURO. The following table presents a full list of EU countries ranked by latest total population. You can find specific accession date for each member and non-EURO currencies that are still used in other 9 member states. Please note that, the number of member countries may be increasing in near future.

Countries in European Union by Population

Rank Country Population Date of Accession Currency Region
1 Germany 83,517,045 1957/3/25 EURO Western Europe
2 United Kingdom 67,530,172 1973/1/1 British pound Northern Europe
3 France 65,129,728 1957/3/25 EURO Western Europe
4 Italy 60,550,075 1957/3/25 EURO Southern Europe
5 Spain 46,736,776 1986/1/1 EURO Southern Europe
6 Poland 37,887,768 2004/5/1 Polish złoty Eastern Europe
7 Romania 19,364,557 2007/1/1 Romanian leu Eastern Europe
8 Netherlands 17,097,130 1957/3/25 EURO Western Europe
9 Belgium 11,539,328 1957/3/25 EURO Western Europe
10 Czech Republic 10,689,209 2004/5/1 Czech koruna Eastern Europe
11 Greece 10,473,455 1981/1/1 EURO Southern Europe
12 Portugal 10,226,187 1986/1/1 EURO Southern Europe
13 Sweden 10,036,379 1995/1/1 Swedish krona Northern Europe
14 Hungary 9,684,679 2004/5/1 Hungarian forint Eastern Europe
15 Austria 8,955,102 1995/1/1 EURO Western Europe
16 Bulgaria 7,000,119 2007/1/1 Bulgarian lev Eastern Europe
17 Denmark 5,771,876 1973/1/1 Danish krone Northern Europe
18 Finland 5,532,156 1995/1/1 EURO Northern Europe
19 Slovakia 5,457,013 2004/5/1 EURO Eastern Europe
20 Ireland 4,882,495 1973/1/1 EURO Northern Europe
21 Croatia 4,130,304 2013/7/1 Croatian kuna Southern Europe
22 Lithuania 2,759,627 2004/5/1 EURO Northern Europe
23 Slovenia 2,078,654 2004/5/1 EURO Southern Europe
24 Latvia 1,906,743 2004/5/1 EURO Northern Europe
25 Estonia 1,325,648 2004/5/1 EURO Northern Europe
26 Cyprus 1,179,551 2004/5/1 EURO Western Asia
27 Luxembourg 615,729 1957/3/25 EURO Western Europe
28 Malta 440,372 2004/5/1 EURO Southern Europe

Map of Countries in European Union