List of All Countries in Europe

Europe, together with Asia, is a part of the broadest continent on Earth, called Eurasia. Europe appears as an appendix to this vast continent, a peninsula that owes its identity largely to historical reasons and to human beings. The size of Europe is modest compared to other continents, representing only 7% of the land surface of the entire earth (10,360,000 square kilometers) and contain 12.4% of the population (807,289,020 people). Conventionally, the geographic boundaries of the continent are to the north – the Arctic Ocean, to the west – the Atlantic Ocean and to the South – the Mediterranean Sea, while to the east the borders are less defined. It is generally said that it is the line from the Black Sea passing the northern slopes of the Caucasus and Caspian Sea, from where it goes to the Ural River and follows the eastern slopes of the Ural to the Sea of Kara.

Europe is the second smallest continent on the surface of the world, covering about 10 180 000 km² or 2% of the Earth ‘s surface and about 6.8% of the area above sea level. Of the 50 countries in Europe, Russia is the largest both in the area and in the population (Russia extends across two continents, Europe and Asia) And the Vatican is the smallest. Europe is the fourth most populous continent in the world, after Asia, Africa and America(s), with 740 million inhabitants in 2015, about 11% of the world’s population that year, that is, every 100 people in the world in this period, 11 lived on the continent. However, according to the United Nations (average estimate), European weight may fall to about 7% in 2050. [4] In 1900, for example, the European population accounted for 25% of the world population (that is, every 4 inhabitants of the world that year, 1 lived within the boundaries of the continent).

Countries in Europe by Population

Currently, there are 45 independent countries in Europe. As mentioned above, the most populous is Russia and the least populated is Holy See. The full list of countries in Europe is shown in the table below, ranked by latest total population.

Rank Country Name Population Region
1 Russia 146,793,744 Eastern Europe
2 Germany 82,979,100 Western Europe
3 Turkey 82,003,882 Southern Europe
4 France 66,998,000 Western Europe
5 United Kingdom 66,040,229 Northern Europe
6 Italy 60,375,749 Southern Europe
7 Spain 46,733,038 Southern Europe
8 Ukraine 42,079,547 Eastern Europe
9 Poland 38,413,000 Eastern Europe
10 Romania 19,523,621 Eastern Europe
11 Netherlands 17,325,700 Western Europe
12 Belgium 11,467,362 Western Europe
13 Greece 10,741,165 Southern Europe
14 Czech Republic 10,652,812 Eastern Europe
15 Portugal 10,276,617 Southern Europe
16 Sweden 10,263,568 Northern Europe
17 Hungary 9,764,000 Eastern Europe
18 Belarus 9,465,300 Eastern Europe
19 Austria 8,869,537 Western Europe
20 Switzerland 8,542,323 Western Europe
21 Serbia 7,001,444 Southern Europe
22 Bulgaria 7,000,039 Eastern Europe
23 Denmark 5,811,413 Northern Europe
24 Finland 5,518,752 Northern Europe
25 Slovakia 5,450,421 Eastern Europe
26 Norway 5,334,762 Northern Europe
27 Ireland 4,857,000 Northern Europe
28 Croatia 4,130,304 Southern Europe
29 Moldova 3,547,539 Eastern Europe
30 Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,301,000 Southern Europe
31 Albania 2,862,427 Southern Europe
32 Lithuania 2,791,133 Northern Europe
33 Slovenia 2,080,908 Southern Europe
34 North Macedonia 2,075,301 Southern Europe
35 Latvia 1,915,100 Northern Europe
36 Estonia 1,324,820 Northern Europe
37 Montenegro 622,359 Southern Europe
38 Luxembourg 613,894 Western Europe
39 Malta 475,701 Southern Europe
40 Iceland 358,780 Northern Europe
41 Andorra 76,177 Southern Europe
42 Liechtenstein 38,380 Western Europe
43 Monaco 38,300 Western Europe
44 San Marino 33,422 Southern Europe
45 Holy See 799 Southern Europe

Territories in Europe by Population

In addition to independent countries, there are also dependent territories in Europe. See table below for a full list of all 6 European territories, with latest total population and dependencies.

Rank Dependent Territory Population Territory of
1 Jersey 105,500 U.K.
2 Isle of Man 83,314 U.K.
3 Guernsey 62,063 U.K.
4 Faroe Islands 51,705 Denmark
5 Gibraltar 33,701 U.K.
6 Åland Islands 29,489 Finland

European Countries by Area

Below is a list of all the European countries, in order of land area size. Russia is the biggest country while Nauru is the smallest one.

Ranking Country Name Land Area (km²)
1 Russia 16,377,742
2 Turkey 769,632
3 France 640,427
4 Ukraine 579,300
5 Spain 498,980
6 Sweden 410,335
7 Germany 348,672
8 Poland 311,888
9 Norway 304,282
10 Finland 303,815
11 Italy 294,140
12 United Kingdom 241,930
13 Romania 231,291
14 Belarus 202,900
15 Greece 130,647
16 Bulgaria 108,489
17 Iceland 100,250
18 Portugal 91,470
19 Hungary 89,608
20 Serbia 88,246
21 Austria 82,445
22 Czech Republic 77,247
23 Ireland 68,883
24 Lithuania 62,680
25 Latvia 62,249
26 Croatia 55,974
27 Bosnia and Herzegovina 51,187
28 Slovakia 48,105
29 Denmark 42,434
30 Estonia 42,388
31 Switzerland 39,997
32 Netherlands 33,893
33 Moldova 32,891
34 Belgium 30,278
35 Albania 27,398
36 North Macedonia 25,433
37 Slovenia 20,151
38 Montenegro 13,452
39 Luxembourg 2,586
40 Andorra 468
41 Malta 316
42 Liechtenstein 160
43 San Marino 61
44 Monaco 2.02
45 Holy See 0.44

European Map

The outline of the European continent is very irregular with 37,900 kilometers of coastline. 8% of the territory is made up of islands, with the largest being Britain (229,885 square kilometers) and 27% is made up of peninsulas. Among the great mountain ranges are the Alps, where the maximum height of the continent is reached with the Mont Blanc (4,810 meters), followed by the Pyrenees, while in the east lies the massif of the Caucasus, which is generally considered as a part of Asia.

Map of European Countries

Alphabetical List of Countries and Dependencies in Europe

In summary, there are a total of 51 independent countries and dependent territories in Europe. See the following for full list of European countries and dependencies in alphabetical order:

  1. Åland Islands (Finland)
  2. Albania
  3. Andorra
  4. Austria
  5. Belarus
  6. Belgium
  7. Bosnia and Herzegovina
  8. Bulgaria
  9. Croatia
  10. Czech Republic
  11. Denmark
  12. Estonia
  13. Faroe Islands (Denmark)
  14. Finland
  15. France
  16. Germany
  17. Gibraltar (U.K.)
  18. Greece
  19. Guernsey (U.K.)
  20. Holy See
  21. Hungary
  22. Iceland
  23. Ireland
  24. Isle of Man (U.K.)
  25. Italy
  26. Jersey (U.K.)
  27. Latvia
  28. Liechtenstein
  29. Lithuania
  30. Luxembourg
  31. Malta
  32. Moldova
  33. Monaco
  34. Montenegro
  35. Netherlands
  36. North Macedonia
  37. Norway
  38. Poland
  39. Portugal
  40. Romania
  41. Russia
  42. San Marino
  43. Serbia
  44. Slovakia
  45. Slovenia
  46. Spain
  47. Sweden
  48. Switzerland
  49. Turkey
  50. Ukraine
  51. United Kingdom