List of All Countries in Europe
Europe, together with Asia, is a part of the broadest continent on Earth, called Eurasia. Europe appears as an appendix to this vast continent, a peninsula that owes its identity largely to historical reasons and to human beings. The size of Europe is modest compared to other continents, representing only 7% of the land surface of the entire earth (10,360,000 square kilometers) and contain 12.4% of the population (807,289,020 people). Conventionally, the geographic boundaries of the continent are to the north – the Arctic Ocean, to the west – the Atlantic Ocean and to the South – the Mediterranean Sea, while to the east the borders are less defined. It is generally said that it is the line from the Black Sea passing the northern slopes of the Caucasus and Caspian Sea, from where it goes to the Ural River and follows the eastern slopes of the Ural to the Sea of Kara.
Europe is the second smallest continent on the surface of the world, covering about 10 180 000 km² or 2% of the Earth ‘s surface and about 6.8% of the area above sea level. Of the 50 countries in Europe, Russia is the largest both in the area and in the population (Russia extends across two continents, Europe and Asia) And the Vatican is the smallest. Europe is the fourth most populous continent in the world, after Asia, Africa and America(s), with 740 million inhabitants in 2015, about 11% of the world’s population that year, that is, every 100 people in the world in this period, 11 lived on the continent. However, according to the United Nations (average estimate), European weight may fall to about 7% in 2050.  In 1900, for example, the European population accounted for 25% of the world population (that is, every 4 inhabitants of the world that year, 1 lived within the boundaries of the continent).
Countries in Europe by Population
Currently, there are 45 independent countries in Europe. As mentioned above, the most populous is Russia and the least populated is Holy See. The full list of countries in Europe is shown in the table below, ranked by latest total population.
Territories in Europe by Population
In addition to independent countries, there are also dependent territories in Europe. See table below for a full list of all 6 European territories, with latest total population and dependencies.
|Rank||Dependent Territory||Population||Territory of|
|2||Isle of Man||83,314||U.K.|
European Countries by Area
Below is a list of all the European countries, in order of land area size. Russia is the biggest country while Nauru is the smallest one.
|Ranking||Country Name||Land Area (km²)|
|27||Bosnia and Herzegovina||51,187|
The outline of the European continent is very irregular with 37,900 kilometers of coastline. 8% of the territory is made up of islands, with the largest being Britain (229,885 square kilometers) and 27% is made up of peninsulas. Among the great mountain ranges are the Alps, where the maximum height of the continent is reached with the Mont Blanc (4,810 meters), followed by the Pyrenees, while in the east lies the massif of the Caucasus, which is generally considered as a part of Asia.
Alphabetical List of Countries and Dependencies in Europe
In summary, there are a total of 51 independent countries and dependent territories in Europe. See the following for full list of European countries and dependencies in alphabetical order:
- Åland Islands (Finland)
- Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Czech Republic
- Faroe Islands (Denmark)
- Gibraltar (U.K.)
- Guernsey (U.K.)
- Holy See
- Isle of Man (U.K.)
- Jersey (U.K.)
- North Macedonia
- San Marino
- United Kingdom