Countries in Eastern Europe


Eastern European, Eastern Europe or eastern Europe is a region that houses countries situated in the central or eastern part of the European continent. There are several interpretations for the comprehensiveness of the term, often contradictory and influenced by geopolitical and ideological factors. The number of eastern European countries depends on the area included in each interpretation.

Still, even if they have no absolute homogeneity, most of the countries in the region have several similarities, such as the strong presence of Slavic languages and the Orthodox Christian religion. Moreover, most of these (except for Greece) adopted at some point in their histories the socialist economic regime and the political regime of single party, almost all between the years 1945 and 1989.

The division between Eastern Europe (or Eastern Europe) and Western Europe was clearly visible after the division of this continent between the socialist and capitalist bloc, delimited by the symbolic Iron curtain. It is regarded as Eastern Europe from the German-Polish border (German-Polish), Hungary, Slovenia, Croatia; To the Ural Mountains, natural divide between Europe and Asia. The term delimits two complementary regions, since there were two “oriental Europas”: one with geographic connotation and the other, political (from which we exclude Greece), equating to the former area of influence of the USSR.

How Many Countries in Eastern Europe

As a region of Europe, Eastern Europe is composed of 10 independent countries (Belarus, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Ukraine). See below for the list of East European countries and dependencies by population.  Also, you can find all of them in alphabetical order at this end of this page.

List of Countries in Eastern Europe and Their Capitals

As noted above, there are 3 independent countries in the Eastern Europe. Among them, the largest country is Russia and the smallest is Moldova. The full list of Eastern European countries with capitals is shown in the table below, ranked by latest total population.

Rank Independent Country Current Population Capital
1 Russia 146,793,744 Moscow
2 Ukraine 42,079,547 Kyiv
3 Poland 38,413,000 Warsaw
4 Romania 19,523,621 Bucharest
5 Czech Republic 10,652,812 Prague
6 Hungary 9,764,000 Budapest
7 Belarus 9,465,300 Minsk
8 Bulgaria 7,000,039 Sofia
9 Slovakia 5,450,421 Bratislava
10 Moldova 3,547,539 Chisinau

Map of Countries in Eastern Europe

Map of Countries in Eastern Europe