Denmark is located between the Baltic and North Sea and is also known as the Kingdom of Denmark. It covers an area of 4.3l 10 000 square kilometers area and has a population of 5.39 million, about 93% of whom are Danes. Residents are Evangelical Lutheran. The official language is Danish. The currency is the DKK. Copenhagen (Kbenhavn) is the capital.
The flag is red with a white cross biased to the left. According to the Danish epics, on June 15, 1219, the Danish King Waldemar led his troops into battle with a red flag when a white cross fell from the sky. The Danish Army turned the tables, and thereafter the red flag with white cross has been the flag of Denmark .
The kingdom was unified in AD 985. From the 8th to 12th century AD was the strongest time of Danish piracy; their reach extended to the United Kingdom, Norway, France, and the Rhine areas. In the 14th century, the country moved toward prosperity, and, in 1397, the territory now including Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Iceland, Greenland, the Faroe Islands, and part of Finland was set up by the Danish Queen Margrethe I, as the chief of the Kalmar Union. In the late 15th century, Denmark began to decline. In 1523, Sweden declared independence from the union. In 1814, Norway and Sweden ceded Sweden to Denmark after a defeat. The constitutional monarchy was established in 1849. It was occupied by Nazi Germany during World War II. In 1944, Iceland gained independence from Denmark. Denmark still has sovereignty over Greenland and the Faroe Islands.
Economy and Culture
Danish territory consists of most of Jutland and 406 nearby coastal islands, which are connected by bridges. With hundreds of large and medium bridges,that can be seen everywhere, it is called a “multi-bridge country.” Denmark sists at the exit of the Baltic Sea to the North Sea, known as the “permanent land transportation crossroads.” Copenhagen Card Hutup wide international airport has Europe’s largest and most beautiful shopping center and is said to be the most comfortable and efficient airport.
Denmark has a long coastline so fishing is highly developed. Major fish products include halibut, salmon, shrimp, and so on. A large portion of the catch of fish is processed into canned, pickled, and smoked products. Machinery manufacturing and the food industry are major industrial sectors in Denmark, and especially the latter has become Denmark’s “calling card.” Denmark has a large number of high-quality foods, such as cheese, chocolate, and beer, that it exports to the world. Danes are committed to environmental protection; hydropower generation is nearly 50% of the total capacity.
Danish agriculture is well-developed, due to advanced technology, mechanization, and very high yield per unit area. The country is the world’s largest pork exporting country and a major cheese and butter exporter.