Countries in Central Asia


How Many Countries in Central Asia

As a region of Asia, Central Asia is composed of independent countries (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan). See below for the full list of Central Asian Countries by population.

List of Countries in Central Asia and Their Capitals

As noted above, there are five independent countries in the Middle Asia. Among them, the largest country is Uzbekistan and the smallest is Turkmenistan in term of population. The full list of Central Asia countries with capitals is shown in the table below, ranked by latest total population and area.

Rank Country Name Population Land Area (km²) Capital
1 Uzbekistan 33,562,133 425,400 Tashkent
2 Kazakhstan 18,497,064 2,699,700 Astana
3 Tajikistan 8,931,000 141,510 Dushanbe
4 Kyrgyzstan 6,389,500 191,801 Bishkek
5 Turkmenistan 5,942,089 469,930 Ashgabat

Map of Middle Asian Countries

Map of Middle Asian Countries