Know as Oriental dragon, China is located in eastern Asia, with formal name of The People’s Republic of China. China covers an area of about 9.6 million square kilometers. With a population of 1.295 billion, it is the world’s most populous nation. China has Han, Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uygur, Mongolian, Tibetan and 56 other ethnic groups, of which 92% of the total population is Han. The language spoken is Universal Chinese, the currency is RMB, and the capital city is Beijing (BeiJing).
China National Flag
China is one of the world’s ancient civilizations, with a documented history of 4000 years from the establishment of the Xia Dynasty in the 21st century BC. China’s history continues to the late Western Zhou Dynasty and the Spring and Autumn for the slave, and proceeds to the Warring States period after the Qin, Han, Han, Three Kingdoms, Western Jin Dynasty, Eastern, Northern and Southern Dynasties, Sui, Tang and Five Dynasties, Song, Liao, Jin, Yuan, Ming, and the Qing dynasty as a feudal society. After the Opium War in 1840, China was gradually reduced to a semifeudal and semicolonial society. The 1911 Revolution overthrew the feudal monarchy, And the Republic of China was established in 1912. The Communist Party of China was born in 1921. Under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, the Chinese people experienced Civil War and the liberation war, and, on October 1, 1949, established the People’s Republic.
The Chinese national flag is red and rectangular, with a yellow five-pointed star decorating the top left and four small stars around the big star on the right side. The five stars and their relationship symbolize the revolution under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party and the unity of the people. The color red symbolizes the revolution.
The Terracotta Army was buried with Emperor Qin Shi Huang in his Mausoleum. Archeologists unearthed life-like, life-size terracotta figures. Emperor Qin, who established China’s first unified, centralized feudal state, was buried 37 kilometers east of Xi’an in the northern foot of Lishan Mountain, a hilly area of 50 square kilometers. As many as a thousand real-size Terracotta Warriors and Horses were excavated from three pits. The Terracotta Warriors stood in the ground, representing the rigorous and powerful military might of the Qin Empire. The Army is known as “the eighth wonder of the world.”
In Ming Jingtai, Chinese craftsmen have found a dark blue glaze material. Because of the glaze over enamel is cloisonne blue, it is named “cloisonne.” The original antique bronze vessels are mostly cloisonne. The Xuande years, especially, produced the most exquisite.
Cloisonne involves, first, a copper production system using a tire, and then a thin flat tire on copper wire marks out the design patterns. TNext, the pattern is filled with an enamel glaze mosaic of different colors. This process is repeated until the completion of sintering, and then the artifact is polished and gold-plated. It can be said that the cloisonne technique using both the bronze process and porcelain technology introduced at the same time a large variety of traditional painting and sculpture techniques, which comprise traditional Chinesecraft.
Giant pandas are endangered animals of gentle and naïve temperament, whose staple food is bamboo. Pandas are distributed in China, Sichuan, Shaanxi, and Gansu in certain areas of the mountain forests. After a long history of development, for giant pandas to survive to this day reflects its tenacious vitality; however, because of their highly specialized feeding habits and reproductive, child-rearing behavior, habitat destruction, coupled with the cyclical flowering and death of their bamboo staplehas been a threat to the survival of great pandas, resulting in declining numbers of giant pandas.
China has a fully modern industrial system Throughout the country, including industries such as iron, steel, chemicals, machinery, textiles, automobiles, electric power distribution, and others. From the rapid development of the electronics industry, a new industrial base in electronic has emerged. China’s light industry has a long history, including food, textiles, household chemicals, and other categories, each with their own technical advantages. The household electrical appliance industry in South and East China is most developed. Light industry takes place in small and medium enterprises, with nine town enterprises accounting for a large proportion.
China is a large agricultural country; rural population accounts for 70% of the total population. The main food crops include rice, wheat, corn, sorghum, millet, and potatoes. Wheat is mainly cultivated in the northern provinces, while rice is mainly cultivated in the southern provinces. Cash crops are cotton, hemp, sugar, and oil. Of sugar crops, sugar cane is produced in the South, while the North produces sugar beet; oil crops are rape, which is widely spread, with yield highest in the South, while peanuts and sesame seeds are produced in the North, the most concentrated in the North China Plain. China produces a variety of woods and has a very rich variety of agricultural products, including tung oil, lacquer, silk, wax, bamboo, and Chinese herbal medicines that are renowned on the international market. In livestock-keeping, sheep, cattle, horses, and other herbivores dominate. The middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River water network are the most densely populated areas, producing fish, including green, grass, silver carp, and bighead carp to name the famous four freshwater fish, as well as crucian carp, perch, bream and other valuable fish species. Coastal fishing grounds are rich in a variety of fish, large and small, octopus, and squid to name the four major sources of seafood, as well as shrimp, lobster, sea cucumber, scallop and other valuable marine products.
There are relatively rich mineral resources in China, as more than 140 kinds of mineral resources in China have been found to be helpful, ranking first of 57 proven reserves. At present, coal, iron, copper, aluminum, pigeons, antimony, molybdenum, tin, manganese, lead, zinc, mercury and other major mineral reserves are largest in the world, with oil, oil shale, phosphorus, sulfur and other minerals also abundant. China’s water resources are first in the world.
China has a long history og highly skilled handicraft. In the treasure house of Chinese culture, arts and crafts is one of the gems. Famous arts and crafts include jade carving, ivory carving, stone carving, wood carving, horn carving, clay sculpture, embroidery, brocade, lace, carpets, Beijing Cloisonne, northeastern shell picture carving, feather painting, bamboo, Jingdezhen porcelain, Yixing pottery, woodblock paintings, silk jewelry, glassware, Jiuquan Remanbar, Guangxi Zhuang Jin, and Guizhou batik.
The four great Ancient Chinese inventions of paper, printing, the compass, and gunpowder greatly promoted the development of world civilization. Chinese medicine is an ancient treasure, with a complete theoretical system and unique means of treatment. Ancient Chinese medical writings include those of the famous Chinese writer Sun Si of the Tang dynasty, the “Prescriptions,” and Ming Li Shi Zhen’s “Compendium of Materia Medica.” The traditional Chinese art of calligraphy is also one of its unique charms of the world-renowned art of ancient China, including famous calligraphers Wang Xizhi, Yen Chen, and Liu public right.
Also known as the snub-nosed monkey, it is distributed in Sichuan, Shaanxi and other forests in the mountains. With dense and thick golden hair, length up to more than 20 cm, blue, honest and kind face, the golden monkey also gave birth to a pair of overturned Alice’s noses and is very likable. Golden monkey mainly eats leaves, berries, and tender shoots for food. In recent years, China has set up protected areas for the monkey in Sichuan, Guizhou, Hubei, and Shaanxi.
Wonderland world – Jiuzhaigou
Legend has it that a long, long time ago, there was a very courageous God Dago, who ground into the side of the wind and clouds Hokyo, and gave it to his favorite goddess Wu-Nase, who was an ugly woman. However, then the devil spread jealousy to make trouble. The Goddess accidentally broke Hokyo, and its debris scattered in the world into 114 crystal Zi. Therefore, in Aba Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Sichuan Province, Nanping County, there is a “dream.”
The soul of Jiuzhaigou is water, lakes, springs, waterfalls, streams, beaches formed in every corner in Jiuzhaigou, and the local name of these waters is “Hai Zi.” Since the bottom sediments have different plant species, different Hai Zi have a different color. People are colorful, the haunts of men. Around each Haizi, also, are a variety of rare trees, flowers, and herbs.
The topography from west to east can be divided into three steps. The first step is the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, with an average elevation of 4000 meters above the plateau on the blossoming mountain lakes. The second step is beyond the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau to the northeast, down to sea level from a 2000 to 1000 m altitude basin. The third step is the Mountains, Taihang, Wushan and the eastern edge of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, with a general elevation of 500 meters. Hills and plains cross the distribution, while the coastal plain is at an altitude of 50 meters more than most of the terrain east and southeast along the river, into the Pacific Ocean.
Guilin, a beautiful cave, has been said to be the “best in the world.” Du Xiufeng Gufeng enjoyed the towering “Southern pillar,” the east cliff of “a purple robe with a golden girdle,” a “medium natural independence” stone. Bordering on it, with panoramic view of Guilin landscape, ancient poets wrote “Jiangzuo Qing Luo belt, mountain, such as Jade Hairpin” to describe the beautiful sight. Guilin is the formation of special local geological conditions, the dissolution of limestone by water, forming ground floor sculpture of strange mountains and vast caves.
The Yellow Emperor was said to locate himself in Huganshan City in self-cultivation for alchemy. With a radius of 250 km, the main attractions are two lakes, Santan, 24 rivers, 72 peaks, of which include the Heavenly Capital Peak, Lotus Peak, and, the most famous, Guangming Ding. Lotus Peak is towering steep, and closely resembles the initial lotus, its back in full bloom. Jiulong Pu is Huangshan’s most spectacular waterfall, with a green wall hung a thousand yards above rushing down, especially after heavy rainfalls, when it looks as if nine White Dragons are in the sky: magnificent. Famous geographer and traveler Xu of the Ming dynasty traveled the world’s mountains, and lamented: “The Five Sacred Mountains fell down the mountain, Huangshan Guilaibukan Yue.”
Also known as silk embroidery, it is one of the outstanding traditional handicrafts. The four famous types are Suzhou embroidery, Yue embroidery, embroidery, and Shu embroidery.
The embroidery needle is introduced into the color line, according to pre-designed patterns and colors, in silk, cotton and other fabrics constituting a pattern.
World-famous Suzhou embroidery is known for its fine work, lively needle, beautiful design, and elegant color . Raw materials of fine embroidered arts and crafts include hard satin, woven satin, transparent glass yarn and nylon. Guangdong embroidered with gold thread over a contour pattern, characterized by diversity in lines, bright colors, and full of decorative patterns Embroidery is mostly a male office. Shu embroidery invovles the use of satin and colored silk, the main raw material. Clothes lines are full of Kam embroidery, embroidery lines, double-sided embroidery, and halo-pin, yarn needle, needle point and other techniques.