The Republic of Chad, located in north-central Africa, covers an area of 1,284,000 square kilometers. The name ‘Chad’ comes from the Borno for “large water.” Approximately 256 tribes make up a population of 8.59 million., with Islam, Christianity, and indigenous religions prevalent. French and Arabic are both official languages, the currency is the CFA franc, and the capital is En Jiamei (Ndjamena).
The Chad national flag is comprised of three vertical strips of blue, yellow, and red. The blue symbolizes the sky, hope, and life, as well as the south of the country, the yellow represents the sun, and the north of the country, and red denotes progress, unity, and willingness to sacrifice the spirit of the motherland.
9 ~ 17 century AD, has established a bornu Gagne, ouadai, Bajimier Sudan and other Muslim kingdom. The country became a French colony in 1902, and in 1910 was classified as a territory of French Equatorial Africa It took a year for the country to recognize the laws of Germany under Morocco’s protection. “War”, the return to French Equatorial Africa. Overseas territory in 1946 to become law. In early 1957, the country became a semi-autonomous republic, and on November 28, 1958, was declared a French Community and an autonomous republic. On August 11, 1960, independence was declared and the Republic of Chad established..
Economy and Culture
Chad’s economy is dominated by agriculture and animal husbandry, with the e millet, sorghum, rice, and corn the main crops. Chad’s cotton production amongst the best in Africa. Central and eastern Chad has a good natural pasture, and the country is also rich fishery resources.
The Tubu people live in the Sahara desert, with arid environment causing them to develop extraordinary ability to work hard. They also enjoy a long lifespan, and an walk over dozens of kilometers of stone in temperatures up to 45°C, with no change in their heart rate.
Lake Chad is located in central Africa. The lake area has changed dramatically due to the significant differences in precipitation between the rainy and dry seasons. During the rainy season, the lake spans a total of area of about 2.7 million square kilometers, but shrinks to less than 11,000 square kilometers during the dry season. As rivers flow into a larger lake in the southern, so salinity is very low, almost fresh water; Lakes north strong evaporation, the salt content of much. Lake biology and hence the more obvious differences between the categories.