The Republic of Botswana is located in southern Africa, covering an area of 581,700 square kilometers, and with a population of 1.68 million, mainly En Watuo Serbs. Residents or Protestant and Catholic, and the official language is English. The currency is the Pula and the capital is Sha Borrow.
Botswana’s flag is blue, black, and white. The blue represents water and sky, with the other two colors symbolizing the black and white inhabitants of Botswana. The message behind the flag is that under the blue sky of Africa, black people and white people live together in unity.
Now independent, Botswana was formerly known as Bechuanaland. During the 13th and 14th centuries, the Tswana people moved here from the north. In 1885 it became a British colony, known as the Bechuanaland protectorate. On September 30, 1966, the country declared independence and became known as the Republic of Botswana, whilst remaining in the Commonwealth.
Economy and Culture
Botswana is low from east to the west, with marshlands to the north and hills to the southeast, and a semi-desert and occasional inland rivers in the southwest. It is also very rich in wildlife species, with many national parks and wildlife sanctuaries.
The three primary industries are diamond mining, cattle rearing, and manufacturing. The livestock industry produces leather and construction materials, amongst other things. The countries rich in mineral resources center around the production and export of the diamond, with Botswana at the forefront of the global trade. Cattle are a symbol of wealth and are also used as offerings at various ceremonies; for example, a marriage celebration will usually see the slaughter of 100 cows.
The Okavango Delta is located in the northwest of the country., is the influx of the few African-preserved one of the natural landscape. Okavango River winding immigrants from Namibia pea, gradually disappearing in the underground karst cave, forming a unique inland delta, of gurgling streams and clear water clarity, providing an ideal habitat for rare birds and animals, which every year attract thousands of foreign tourists.
Kgalagadi Antelope Park
In southern Kgalagadi desert is the vast Kgalagadi Antelope Park, built in 1932. In addition to South Africa, where large and small antelope, wildebeest and other herbivores, the most famous lion in black hair.