The Republic of Bolivia is located in central South America, and gets its name from Simon Bolivar, an outstanding leader of the South American War of Independence. An area of 1,091,860 square kilometers is home to a population of 8.28 million, with 54% Indian, 31% Mestizo, and 15% white. Residents are Catholic and Spanish is the official language. The currency is the Boliviano. La Paz is the seat of government boards and the statutory capital is Sucre.
The Bolivian flag contains three horizontal strips of red, yellow, and green, with a central emblem. Red symbolizes sacrifice, yellow symbolizes hope, and green symbolizes the sacred land, representing the country’s the main resources: animals, minerals and plants.
Although part of the Inca empire in the 13th century, Bolivia was reduced to a Spanish colony in 1538, known to history as part of Peru. On August 6, 1825, independence was declared and the country renamed Bolivar to commemorate the Bolivarian Republic liberator Bolivar. It was later renamed the Republic of Bolivia.
Economy and Culture
Bolivia is the world’s leading exporter of minerals, although it is industrially underdeveloped. Agricultural and pastoral products meet most of the domestic demand, and the country is one of the poorest in South America.
Guardian of the village community festival is the most solemn ceremonies Indians, Indians of the Andes mountains enshrined idol.
Sucre was the capital of the early independent Bolivia, and still retains the position of statutory capital. La Paz is now the country’s political, economic, and cultural center, located at an altitude of 5,600 meters in the Bolivian highlands, earning it the title “Plateau Capital.”
Education in Bolivia is poor, and the country has one of the highest illiteracy rates in Latin America.
Bolivia land contours like a side of the hanging of the heart, is called “the heart of South America.” The topography from west to east. Land area of the eastern plains of about 3 / 5, 1 50 ~ 600 meters above sea level; central part of the valley basin; western highlands of Bolivia, with an average altitude of 4,000 meters. Thus, Bolivia is a landlocked country in South America, with high terrain. La Paz’s airport is the world’s highest commercial airport.
Tiwanaku culture sites
Northern Bolivia is famous for the Inca site, Tiwanaku. Built between the 5th and 3rd centuries BC, it is one of the oldest sites in the Americas. The buildings include the most famous temple, Henan Calaca, and the sun gate, which was hewn from a single piece of stone. each of the summer solstice dawn of this day will be exactly the central fire started.
Cochabamba is the third largest city in Bolivia, located in the central basin. It was built in 1542 and is more than 5,000 meters above sea level. The city has Spanish architecture, with an ornate Catholic church in the central square. There is also an archaeological Museum which contains artifacts that the Incas concealed at Tiahuanaco. Every year, 15 days before Lent, the city has a grand carnival.
Lake Titicaca is located between Bolivia and Peru and is the world’s largest freshwater lake, and one of the highest. The lake is 3,810 meters above sea level, Korea has approximately 880 – square km, 195 km long, maximum width of 100 km. Surrounded by mountains and beautiful scenery, Lake Titicaca is known as the “Pearl of the plateau.” The famous Sun Island and Moon Island retains the ancient Indian cultural traditions; the ancient lake is the site of Indian culture. The Titicaca Lake is about 250 Ulu tribe’s home, they live in the floating raft. This raft with a known “totora” made of rushes tied into floating on the lake Ya “into the work island.” Residents fishing.