List of All Countries in Asia

Asia is located in the eastern hemisphere, bounded to the east by the Pacific Ocean, to the south by the Indian Ocean, to the north by the Arctic, and to the west by the Mediterranean and Black Sea. In the ancient language, Asian means “sunrise.” There are 50 Asian countries and regions with a population of 3.823 billion, accounting for 60.7% of the total world population. This population is mostly of Mongoloid or Asian ethnic origin. Asia comprises an area of 44,000,000 square meters, accounting for 29.4% of the world’s land area. The native languages belong to Sino-Tibetan family of languages, including those languages of South Asia, Altai, North Korea, Japan and others. With Buddhism, Islam and Christianity, Asia was the cradle of three religions.

Countries in Asia by Population

Currently, there are 48 independent countries in Asia. Among these Asian countries, the most populous is China and the least populated is Maldives. The full list of countries in Asia is shown in the table below, ranked by latest total population. Specifically, the population of People’s Republic of China or the Republic of India is larger than the populations of the North American continent and South America combined. However, about two-thirds of the countries of Asia has a small population relative to that of the metropolitan region of São Paulo. The people are greatly different in family trees, practices or usual behaviors,languages, religious beliefs the modus vivendi.

Rank Country Name Population Region
1 China 1,397,850,000 Eastern Asia
2 India 1,348,670,000 Southern Asia
3 Indonesia 268,074,600 Southeastern Asia
4 Pakistan 205,051,000 Southern Asia
5 Bangladesh 166,752,000 Southern Asia
6 Japan 126,200,000 Eastern Asia
7 Philippines 107,808,000 Southeastern Asia
8 Vietnam 95,354,000 Southeastern Asia
9 Iran 82,545,300 Western Asia
10 Turkey 82,003,882 Western Asia
11 Thailand 66,377,005 Southeastern Asia
12 Burma 54,339,766 Southeastern Asia
13 South Korea 51,811,167 Eastern Asia
14 Iraq 39,127,900 Western Asia
15 Uzbekistan 33,562,133 Central Asia
16 Saudi Arabia 33,413,660 Western Asia
17 Malaysia 32,769,200 Southeastern Asia
18 Afghanistan 32,225,560 Southern Asia
19 Nepal 29,609,623 Southern Asia
20 Yemen 29,161,922 Western Asia
21 North Korea 25,450,000 Eastern Asia
22 Sri Lanka 21,670,112 Southern Asia
23 Kazakhstan 18,497,064 Central Asia
24 Syria 17,070,135 Western Asia
25 Cambodia 16,289,270 Southeastern Asia
26 Jordan 10,440,900 Western Asia
27 Azerbaijan 9,981,457 Western Asia
28 United Arab Emirates 9,770,529 Western Asia
29 Israel 9,045,370 Western Asia
30 Tajikistan 8,931,000 Central Asia
31 Laos 7,123,205 Southeastern Asia
32 Lebanon 6,855,713 Western Asia
33 Kyrgyzstan 6,389,500 Central Asia
34 Turkmenistan 5,942,089 Central Asia
35 Singapore 5,638,700 Southeastern Asia
36 Palestine 4,976,684 Western Asia
37 Oman 4,632,788 Western Asia
38 Kuwait 4,420,110 Western Asia
39 Georgia 3,723,500 Western Asia
40 Mongolia 3,263,387 Eastern Asia
41 Armenia 2,962,100 Western Asia
42 Qatar 2,740,479 Western Asia
43 Bahrain 1,543,300 Western Asia
44 Timor-Leste 1,387,149 Southeastern Asia
45 Cyprus 864,200 Western Asia
46 Bhutan 741,672 Southern Asia
47 Brunei 442,400 Southeastern Asia
48 Maldives 378,114 Southern Asia

Territories in Asia by Population

In addition to independent countries, there are also dependent territories in Asia. See table below for a full list of all 3 Asian territories, with latest total population and dependencies.

Rank Dependent Territory Population Territory of
1 Taiwan 23,589,870 China
2 Hong Kong 7,482,500 China
3 Macao 622,567 China

Asian Countries by Area

The area of the Asian continent is greater than 44.5 million square kilometers, corresponding to nearly one-third of all the lands of our planet. Only in the continent live approximately 4,000 million of inhabitants, a number that exceeds almost 50% of the world’s population. As a result of the demographic density out of common and greater than 70 inhabitants per square kilometer. Below is a list of all the Asian countries, in order of land area size. China is the biggest country while Maldives is the smallest one.

Rank Country Name Land Area (km²)
 1 China 9,326,410
 2 India 2,973,190
 3 Kazakhstan 2,699,700
 4 Saudi Arabia 2,149,690
 5 Indonesia 1,811,569
 6 Mongolia 1,553,556
 7 Iran 1,531,595
 8 Pakistan 881,912
 9 Turkey 769,632
 10 Burma 653,508
 11 Afghanistan 652,230
 12 Yemen 527,968
 13 Thailand 510,890
 14 Turkmenistan 469,930
 15 Iraq 437,367
 16 Uzbekistan 425,400
 17 Japan 364,543
 18 Malaysia 329,613
 19 Vietnam 310,070
 20 Oman 309,500
 21 Philippines 298,170
 22 Laos 230,800
 23 Kyrgyzstan 191,801
 24 Syria 183,630
 25 Cambodia 176,515
 26 Nepal 143,351
 27 Tajikistan 141,510
 28 Bangladesh 130,168
 29 North Korea 120,538
 30 South Korea 99,909
 31 Jordan 88,802
 32 Azerbaijan 86,100
 33 United Arab Emirates 83,600
 34 Georgia 69,700
 35 Sri Lanka 62,732
 36 Bhutan 38,394
 37 Armenia 28,342
 38 Israel 20,330
 39 Kuwait 17,818
 40 Timor-Leste 14,919
 41 Qatar 11,586
 42 Lebanon 10,230
 43 Cyprus 9,241
 44 Palestine 5,640
 45 Brunei 5,265
 46 Bahrain 767
 47 Singapore 687
 48 Maldives 298

Asian Map

Map of Asian Countries

Alphabetical List of Countries and Dependencies in Asia

In summary, there are a total of 51 independent countries and dependent territories in Asia. See the following for full list of Asian countries and dependencies in alphabetical order:

  1. Afghanistan
  2. Armenia
  3. Azerbaijan
  4. Bahrain
  5. Bangladesh
  6. Bhutan
  7. Brunei
  8. Burma
  9. Cambodia
  10. China
  11. Cyprus
  12. Georgia
  13. Hong Kong (China)
  14. India
  15. Indonesia
  16. Iran
  17. Iraq
  18. Israel
  19. Japan
  20. Jordan
  21. Kazakhstan
  22. Kuwait
  23. Kyrgyzstan
  24. Laos
  25. Lebanon
  26. Macau (China)
  27. Malaysia
  28. Maldives
  29. Mongolia
  30. Nepal
  31. North Korea
  32. Oman
  33. Pakistan
  34. Palestine
  35. Philippines
  36. Qatar
  37. Saudi Arabia
  38. Singapore
  39. South Korea
  40. Sri Lanka
  41. Syria
  42. Taiwan (China)
  43. Tajikistan
  44. Thailand
  45. Timor-Leste
  46. Turkey
  47. Turkmenistan
  48. United Arab Emirates
  49. Uzbekistan
  50. Vietnam
  51. Yemen