Aruba is located in the southern Caribbean, to the west of the Lesser Antilles. An area of 193 square kilometers is home to a population of 96,000, most of whom are Indians and mixed-blooded descendants of white Europeans. Residents are Catholic and the official language is Dutch, although Pa Biman, Spanish, and English are also spoken. The currency is the Aruba and the capital is Oranjestad.
The earliest residents of Aruba were the Arawak Indians. In 1499, the Spanish occupied the island, with it later changed hands in 1645, when the Dutch took over. In 1807 it was seized by the British, only to later return to the jurisdiction of the Netherlands in 1814, becoming part of the Netherlands Antilles. On January 1, 1986, the country announced its official separation from the Netherlands Antilles and the Dutch, becoming a separate political entity. However, the Netherlands retains responsibility for the island’s defense and foreign affairs.
Economy and Culture Overview
Aruba’s economy is dependent on oil refining (including oil transport and petroleum products) and tourism. Year-round sunshine, tropical scenery, the famous palm beaches, and early Indian cave art attracts many visitors. Government doctors to provide free trip to the residents of non-compulsory education, education system, like the Netherlands.