List of All Countries in Africa


The African continent has 54 nations and a population of 1.2 billion, accounting for 16% of the world’s population. The residents in Africa are mainly black. As the second largest continent on the earth, Africa has an area of about 50.2 million square kilometers. Currently, there are over 800 languages spoken in Africa. Among them, the top ten are Amharic, Arabic, French, Hausa, Igbo, Oromo, Shona, Swahili, Yoruba, and Zulu. Most Africans believe in Christianity, Islam, and Judaism.

Map of African Countries

Surrounded by the East Indian and West Atlantic Oceans, Africa means “place where the sun is hot” in Latin. See below for map of Africa and all state flags.

Map of African Countries

Although most countries are undeveloped, Africa is one of the best travel destinations in the world. Top spots include The Maasai Mara National Reserve (Kenya), Victoria Falls (Zambia), Pyramids of Giza (Egypt), Cape Town (South Africa) and Marrakech (Morocco).

Alphabetical List of African Countries

As of 2019, there are a total of 54 countries in Africa. Among all African countries, Nigeria is the largest one by population and Seychelles is the smallest. See the following for full list of African countries and dependencies in alphabetical order:

# Country Official Name Region
1 Algeria People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria Northern Africa
2 Angola Republic of Angola Central Africa
3 Benin Republic of Benin Western Africa
4 Botswana Republic of Botswana Southern Africa
5 Burkina Faso Burkina Faso Western Africa
6 Burundi Republic of Burundi Eastern Africa
7 Cameroon Republic of Cameroon Central Africa
8 Cabo Verde (formerly Cape Verde) Republic of Cabo Verde Western Africa
9 Central African Republic Central African Republic Central Africa
10 Chad Republic of Chad Central Africa
11 Comoros Union of the Comoros Eastern Africa
12 Côte d’Ivoire Republic of Côte d’Ivoire Western Africa
13 Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo Central Africa
14 Djibouti Republic of Djibouti Eastern Africa
15 Egypt Arab Republic of Egypt Northern Africa
16 Equatorial Guinea Republic of Equatorial Guinea Central Africa
17 Eritrea State of Eritrea Eastern Africa
18 Eswatini (formerly Swaziland) Kingdom of Eswatini Southern Africa
19 Ethiopia Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Eastern Africa
20 Gabon Gabonese Republic Central Africa
21 Gambia Republic of the Gambia Western Africa
22 Ghana Republic of Ghana Western Africa
23 Guinea Republic of Guinea Western Africa
24 Guinea-Bissau Republic of Guinea-Bissau Western Africa
25 Kenya Republic of Kenya Eastern Africa
26 Lesotho Kingdom of Lesotho Southern Africa
27 Liberia Republic of Liberia Western Africa
28 Libya State of Libya Northern Africa
29 Madagascar Republic of Madagascar Eastern Africa
30 Malawi Republic of Malawi Eastern Africa
31 Mali Republic of Mali Western Africa
32 Mauritania Islamic Republic of Mauritania Western Africa
33 Mauritius Republic of Mauritius Eastern Africa
34 Morocco Kingdom of Morocco Northern Africa
35 Mozambique Republic of Mozambique Eastern Africa
36 Namibia Republic of Namibia Southern Africa
37 Niger Republic of the Niger Western Africa
38 Nigeria Federal Republic of Nigeria Western Africa
39 Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo Central Africa
40 Rwanda Republic of Rwanda Eastern Africa
41 Sao Tome and Principe Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe Central Africa
42 Senegal Republic of Senegal Western Africa
43 Seychelles Republic of Seychelles Eastern Africa
44 Sierra Leone Republic of Sierra Leone Western Africa
45 Somalia Federal Republic of Somalia Eastern Africa
46 South Africa Republic of South Africa Southern Africa
47 South Sudan Republic of South Sudan Eastern Africa
48 Sudan Republic of the Sudan Northern Africa
49 Tanzania United Republic of Tanzania Eastern Africa
50 Togo Togolese Republic Western Africa
51 Tunisia Republic of Tunisia Northern Africa
52 Uganda Republic of Uganda Eastern Africa
53 Zambia Republic of Zambia Eastern Africa
54 Zimbabwe Republic of Zimbabwe Eastern Africa

Dependencies in Africa

Besides 54 independent nations, there are also two dependencies in Africa.

  1. Réunion (France)
  2. Saint Helena (U.K.)

Countries in Africa by Population

The 10 Most Populated Countries In Africa

With population of 200.9 million, Nigeria is the most populated country in Africa, followed by Egypt (98.8 million), Ethiopia (98.7 million), Democratic Republic of the Congo (86.8 million), South Africa (57.8 million), Tanzania (55.9 million), Kenya (5236 million), Algeria (43.4 million), Sudan (41.6 million), and Uganda (40 million).

Ranking of All African Countries by Population

Among 54 African countries, the most populous country is Nigeria and the least populous one is Seychelles. The full list of countries in Africa is shown in the table below, ranked by latest total population.

Rank Country Name Population % of African Population
1 Nigeria 200,963,599 15.79%
2 Egypt 98,839,800 7.77%
3 Ethiopia 98,665,000 7.75%
4 Democratic Republic of the Congo 86,790,567 6.82%
5 South Africa 57,725,600 4.54%
6 Tanzania 55,890,747 4.39%
7 Kenya 52,573,973 4.13%
8 Algeria 43,378,027 3.41%
9 Sudan 41,617,956 3.27%
10 Uganda 40,006,700 3.14%
11 Morocco 35,053,200 2.75%
12 Ghana 30,280,811 2.38%
13 Angola 30,175,553 2.37%
14 Mozambique 27,909,798 2.19%
15 Côte d’Ivoire 25,823,071 2.03%
16 Madagascar 25,263,000 1.99%
17 Cameroon 24,348,251 1.91%
18 Niger 22,314,743 1.75%
19 Burkina Faso 20,870,060 1.64%
20 Mali 19,973,000 1.57%
21 Malawi 17,563,749 1.38%
22 Zambia 17,381,168 1.37%
23 Senegal 16,209,125 1.27%
24 Chad 15,692,969 1.23%
25 Somalia 15,442,905 1.21%
26 Zimbabwe 15,159,624 1.19%
27 South Sudan 12,778,250 1.00%
28 Rwanda 12,374,397 0.97%
29 Guinea 12,218,357 0.96%
30 Benin 11,733,059 0.92%
31 Tunisia 11,551,448 0.91%
32 Burundi 10,953,317 0.86%
33 Sierra Leone 7,901,454 0.62%
34 Togo 7,538,000 0.59%
35 Libya 6,777,452 0.53%
36 Central African Republic 5,496,011 0.43%
37 Republic of the Congo 5,380,508 0.42%
38 Liberia 4,475,353 0.35%
39 Mauritania 4,077,347 0.32%
40 Eritrea 3,497,117 0.27%
41 Namibia 2,458,936 0.19%
42 Gambia 2,347,706 0.18%
43 Botswana 2,338,851 0.18%
44 Gabon 2,172,579 0.17%
45 Lesotho 2,007,201 0.16%
46 Guinea-Bissau 1,604,528 0.13%
47 Eswatini (Swaziland) 1,367,254 0.11%
48 Equatorial Guinea 1,358,276 0.11%
49 Mauritius 1,265,577 0.10%
50 Djibouti 1,078,373 0.08%
51 Comoros 873,724 0.07%
52 Cabo Verde (Cape Verde) 550,483 0.04%
53 Sao Tome and Principe 201,784 0.02%
54 Seychelles 96,762 0.01%

Territories in Africa by Population

In addition to independent countries, there are also 4 dependent territories in Africa. See table below for their latest total population and dependencies.

Rank Dependent Territory Population Territory of
1 Réunion 876,562 France
2 Western Sahara 552,628 NA
3 Mayotte 253,045 France
4 Saint Helena 4,049 U.K.

Countries in Africa by Area

The 10 Largest Countries in Africa

With land area of 2,381,741 km², Algeria is the biggest country in Africa, followed by Democratic Republic of the Congo (2,267,048 km²), Sudan (1,861,484 km²), Libya (1,759,540 km²), Niger (1,266,700 km²), Chad (1,259,200 km²), Angola (1,246,700 km²), Mali (1,220,190 km²), South Africa (1,214,470 km²), and Mauritania (1,025,520 km²).

Rankings of All African Countries by Area

Among 54 countries in Africa, the largest country is Algeria and the smallest one is Seychelles. The full list of African countries in is shown in the table below, ranked by size of land area.

Rank Country Name Land Area (km²) % of African Area
1 Algeria 2,381,741 8.076%
2 Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,267,048 7.687%
3 Sudan 1,861,484 6.312%
4 Libya 1,759,540 5.966%
5 Niger 1,266,700 4.295%
6 Chad 1,259,200 4.270%
7 Angola 1,246,700 4.227%
8 Mali 1,220,190 4.137%
9 South Africa 1,214,470 4.118%
10 Mauritania 1,025,520 3.477%
11 Ethiopia 1,000,000 3.391%
12 Egypt 995,450 3.375%
13 Nigeria 910,768 3.088%
14 Tanzania 885,800 3.003%
15 Namibia 823,290 2.792%
16 Mozambique 786,380 2.666%
17 Zambia 743,398 2.521%
18 South Sudan 644,329 2.185%
19 Somalia 627,337 2.127%
20 Central African Republic 622,984 2.112%
21 Madagascar 581,540 1.972%
22 Kenya 569,140 1.930%
23 Botswana 566,730 1.922%
24 Cameroon 472,710 1.603%
25 Morocco 446,300 1.513%
26 Zimbabwe 386,847 1.312%
27 Republic of the Congo 341,500 1.158%
28 Côte d’Ivoire 318,003 1.078%
29 Burkina Faso 273,602 0.928%
30 Gabon 257,667 0.874%
31 Guinea 245,717 0.833%
32 Ghana 227,533 0.771%
33 Uganda 197,100 0.668%
34 Senegal 192,530 0.653%
35 Tunisia 155,360 0.527%
36 Benin 114,305 0.388%
37 Eritrea 101,000 0.342%
38 Liberia 96,320 0.327%
39 Malawi 94,080 0.319%
40 Sierra Leone 71,620 0.243%
41 Togo 54,385 0.184%
42 Lesotho 30,355 0.103%
43 Guinea-Bissau 28,120 0.095%
44 Equatorial Guinea 28,051 0.095%
45 Burundi 25,680 0.087%
46 Rwanda 24,668 0.084%
47 Djibouti 23,180 0.079%
48 Gambia 10,000 0.034%
49 Eswatini (Swaziland) 6704 0.023%
50 Cabo Verde (Cape Verde) 4,033 0.014%
51 Mauritius 2,030 0.007%
52 Comoros 1,862 0.006%
53 Sao Tome and Principe 964 0.003%
54 Seychelles 455 0.002%