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Country Profiles


 
A
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Aruba
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan

B
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia - Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burma
Burundi

C
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Cayman Islands
Central African Rep.
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo, Democratic
Congo, Republic of
Costa Rica
Cote d'Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Rep.

D
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Rep.
 

E
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia

F
Fiji
Finland
France

G
Gabon
Gambia, The
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana

H
Haiti
Holy See
Honduras
Hong Kong
Hungary

I
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy

J
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan

K
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Korea, North
Korea, South
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan

 

L
Laos
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg

M
Macau
Macedonia
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique

N
Namibia
Nauru
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Norway

O
Oman

P
Pakistan
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal

Q
Qatar

R
Romania
Russia
Rwanda

S
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
St. Kitts
St. Lucia
St. Vincent
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syria

T
Taiwan
Tajikistan
Tanzania
Thailand
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu

U
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan

V
Vanuatu
Venezuela
Vietnam

Y
Yemen

Z
Zambia
Zimbabwe

World Map

 

Ironically, only 29.31% of the planet Earth's area is not covered by water. This corresponds to 149,670,000 km2 divided into 5 continents: Africa, America, Asia, Europe and Oceania. Throughout the history of mankind, which has several disputes for terrritorium, the regions of the world have been divided into countries. The amount depends mainly on the political situation of each of them. Until the first World War, 57 countries were accounted for in total. With the end of colonialism in Africa and Asia during the TWENTIETH century, the end of the Ottoman-Turkish empire in the Middle East, this number has grown. With the extinction of the Soviet Union during the decade of 1990, the amount increased even more. It Is difficult to determine an absolute number, since the main institutions linked to international affairs determine different quantities according to their own activities and powers. However, the most accepted count as official is that of the UN. UN For the United Nations organization, there are 193 countries. It assumes that a territory is considered a country if: (a) Has well-defined geographic boundaries;
  1. Has a resident population;
  2. Has its own currency and economic autonomy;
  3. It Exercises national sovereignty.
Thus, not all independent governments are accounted for and, by the United Nations, England, Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales all count as a single country, the United Kingdom. By these lines, some countries end up being off the list of member countries. However, some of them are considered "permanent observers" in the UN register, a situation that confers them right to vote at the conferences. They Are: Vatican, Taiwan, Kosovo and the State of Palestine. The UN also leaves out possessions and territories, such as Greenland, Aruba and the Cayman Islands, which respectively belong to Denmark, Holland and England. By the United Nations system, each continent has the following number of countries:

Sports Institutions

Although The UN is the most widely recognized institution as an official to define these data, other organizations also assume their own count according to their purposes. This Is the case of the International Football Federation (FIFA) And The International Olympic Committee (IOC). FIFA accounts for 211 countries, while the IOC has a total of 202 member countries in its organization. The main difference is that FIFA considers the territories of the United Kingdom to be different countries. So England, Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales each count on their own football team. In the case of the Olympics, the United Kingdom participates together. But there are other similar situations, Hong Kong and Macau are part of FIFA, but not the IOC, while Monaco and Palau can compete in the Olympics, but they cannot have football selections.

Commerce and Postal Code

The World Trade Organization (WTO) accounts for 164 members. But as not all countries deal directly with international trade, this institution is unrelated to all countries. On the other hand, for the International organization For Standardization (ISO) The number of countries reaches 246. ISO is responsible for the approval of international standards for different technical areas. One of these rules is called ISO 3166, which determines the codes of each country and its subdivisions. Through These codes it is possible to send a letter to anywhere in the world, which the international post Office will know to identify the location. Even If countries change their names, these codes remain the same.