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Portugal

Portugal

Portugal is located in the Department of the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe, all known as the Republic of Portugal. "Portugal" in Latin as "warm port" was intended. Square km area of 9.2l. Population of 10.41 million, most of the Portuguese. Residents are Catholic. The official language is Portuguese. Currency is the euro. Lisbon (Lisboa) Portugal Map

National Flag

Portugal Flag

The flag is half red and half green and depicts the junction of the national emblem. Red celebrates the establishment of the Second Republic, whereas the green is respect to "navigator" Prince Henry.

History

In 1143, Portugal became an independent kingdom. Between the 15th and 18th centuries, it established a large number of colonies in Africa, Asia and the Americas. In 1508 was the Spanish invasion; thereafter it was a Spanish and British dependency. The First Republic was established in 1891. In May 1926, it established a military government. In 1932, Salazar became prime minister and offered a fascist dictatorship. On April 25, 1974, a group of junior officers overthrew Portuguese rule and began the process of democratization.

Economic and Cultural Customs

Portugal's industry is dominated by food processing and textiles, in addition to the chemical, petroleum, shipbuilding and other departments. Lisbon and Porto are home to the more concentrated industries. The wine industry is developed and wines are exported around the world. The sea fishing industry is well developed too. Dependent on foreign energy and Zhuo Yan capsule material. Chuan Qu turned products, offerings Rail, life, secret production in the olive world.

It has a low level of agricultural production, and its main agricultural products are wheat, corn, Jing strawberries, olive oil and figs. It has a high output of oranges and almonds and is an important citrus-producing country. Portugal has about 1 / 3 of cork oak tree planting areas, which are mainly used to make cork bark, cork tiles and other products. It is the world's leading exporter of cork products.

Magellan around the globe

On September 20, 1519, Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan led an expedition consisting of five naval fleets from the port of Seville with the purpose of finding the legendary "Spice Islands." The fleet passed west Africa and South America, sailed across the Pacific to Asia and the Philippines to South Africa's Cape of Good Hope and after three years returned to the west in September 1522. On April 27, 1521, in the Philippines Magellan was killed after fighting with locals .

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