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Countries in North America

North America - the largest island continent
North America is located in the northern hemisphere, with the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Arctic Ocean to the north, and the Panama Canal and South America to the south. North America contains a total of 57 countries and regions, with a population of about 507 million, accounting for 8% of the world's population. The continent has a diverse ethnic composition, comprising of white Europeans, African blacks, Asians, indigenous Indians, and Eskimos, to name but a few. The total area is around 24,228,000 square kilometers, roughly the world's land area, and 6.2% of the total world land. The most common languages are English and Spanish, with many other languages also spoken, including French, Dutch, and Indian languages. Residents are primarily Protestant or Catholic.

North American History
The first inhabitants of North America were the Native Americans, who thrived on the continent long before the arrival of the Europeans, establishing empires and rich cultures, such as that of the Mayans and Aztecs. After Columbus discovered the New World in the 15th century, America became the target of European colonial expansion, with Britain and France, competing for territory, primarily in North America and the Caribbean. The early European settlers revolted against colonial rule, and in 1776 the USA declared independence. The United States and Canada are the two major economically developed North American countries. Foreign trade is very active in North America, with the imports and exports of the United States and Canadian having a broad and profound impact on the global economy.

North America climate
The average elevation of North America is 700 meters, with the terrain classified into three topographic areas: the eastern plateau with rugged as the main distribution of the strip along its southeastern coastal plain; the central vast Great Plains, the west is the towering Ke Dile La mountain. Alaska's Mount McKinley rise 6,194 meters above sea level and the highest peak in North America, with the lowest point being Death Valley, also in the USA, which lies -85 m above sea level. Western North America has the strongest seismic activity in the world. The total area of freshwater lakes in North America is about 40 million square kilometers, ranking highest in the world. The Great Lakes Region of the Central Plateau is the world's largest freshwater lake, formed by the glacier base; Lake Superior is the world's largest freshwater lake. Greenland is the world's largest island. The Grand Canyon is a "living history book," formed by the Colorado River, which cut its way into the rock, forming the gaping canyon located in the central Rocky Mountains. Approximately 365 kilometers, it reaches a maximum depth of 1,620 meters. Rushing water cut open the hard rock like a sharp knife, creating a gorge on both sides which shows clear stratigraphic sections. Many rocks, cliffs, rapids, waterfalls, caves and ravines form a very magnificent landscape. The canyon bottom is made of 20 billion years-old granite and shale.

Florida swamp
The Florida swamps are located at the southern tip of the peninsula, covering an area of 7,000 square kilometers. This piece of natural wetland contain ecosystems rich in flora and fauna. According to statistics, the area has more than 1,000 species of plants, more than 320 kinds of Ukraine, 150 species of fish, 2 kinds of turtles, and many other unique wetland animals. Mushroom birds, once as many as the number of 1.5 million. The Everglades is a lonely place with a unique natural landscape, which enable some raw herbs to grow to 4 meters high.

Terrain in North America
The North American continent across latitude 60 degrees north and south, across the tropical, temperate, boreal, climate complex and diverse. In the Arctic for the ice world. Canton Central China 'k region in the temperate continental climate, and continental ice sheets in northern and north Island is a climate, the Gulf Coast associate heat 0 in the Caribbean has a tropical climate. Most regions enjoy warm weather in the summer. Precipitation in the Rocky Mountains is around 500 to 1,500 mm per annum, with humid air from the Atlantic Ocean providing the main source of precipitation in eastern North America. The west coast sees greater rainfall, with areas along the Pacific coast seeing an annual rainfall of around 2000 to 3000 mm. From Summer to Fall, the Caribbean, Central America, and the southeast coastal areas of North America, often see tropical cyclones.

All Countries in North America