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Bulgaria - Rose Kingdom

Department of the Ministry for the Balkans, the Bulgarian position, full name of the Republic of Bulgaria, which means "traitor." An area of 11,000 square kilometers. Imported 7.8 million, mainly for the Bulgarian ethnic Turks and Roma. Bulgarian is the official language. Currency leva. Sofia. Bulgaria Map

National Flag

Bulgaria Flag

From the top down, the flag has three white, green and red rectangles. White symbolizes peace and freedom, green symbolizes agriculture (the country's principal asset) and red symbolizes the blood of warriors.


The Thracians are Bulgaria's oldest residents, incorporated in the Byzantine Empire in 395 AD. In 681, the Slavs and the Bulgarians established the Kingdom of Slavic (known as the first Bulgarian kingdom). In 1018, it suffered the Byzantine occupation. In 1185 a second Bulgarian kingdom was established. In 1596, it was occupied by the Turkish Ottoman Empire. In 1877, Russia declared war on Turkey, and in the following year it declared independence from Turkey. On September 9, 1944, it was set up as the main Communist Party and the Farmers Union, when the Fatherland Front Government announced security for the people of the Republic. Paul's political changes followed in 1989. On November 15, 1990, it was renamed the Republic of Bulgaria.

Economic and Cultural Customs

Bulgaria is one of the most important agricultural countries in Europe, rich in fruits and vegetables. The Balkan Mountains to the north of the Danube plain is the largest grain-producing area. Its other major industries are the machine building, metallurgy and chemical sectors.

On March 1 each year, the Bulgarian people place red and white colored wool flowers on their chests. Spring flowers in March bring greetings to the people. Bulgarian city of Gabrovo humor to be held in the month a year 5,8 festival, people took to the streets dressed in humorous carnival. Master of humor from around the world are gathered here to exchange.

Rila Monastery

Bit to the Balkan mountain valley peak lire, San Juan • Delilah by the trapped persons built in the 10th century, was a monk of the Kingdom of the Balkan countries, home to the second. From 11 churches, 20 built in the 14 ~ 19th century residential building component. The mid-19th century the main building for the reconstruction of state points, the most famous is the Monastery of Our Lady of Assumption Cathedral, Central. The overall architectural style resembles a medieval castle. After demolition and reconstruction, an arts, religion and education center was built, which possesses a number of murals, statues and other treasures. During Ottoman rule, Bulgaria was considered "the national spirit of the fortress."


Sofia is located on the Iskur River. Its large Orthodox cathedral church commemorates Russian defeat in the 1877–1878 Russo-Turkish War. Italian marble was used for the main material, and there is emerald, agate, black, blue, purple, colorful, clear and bright and clean. The cathedral has Byzantine and Bulgarian architecture, and its large gold dome can be seen from different parts of Sofia. The city is surrounded by mountains and foothills, and there is a spa with many springs.

Rose Valley

At the southern foot of the Balkan Mountains, Rose Valley has a mild climate and fertile soil, which is especially suitable for the growth of flowers and fruit. Bulgarian rose oil is an important economic factor. It has more than 90 km in length and a width of 10 km with roses of all colors and aromas planted there. In the international market, the price for a kilogram of rose oil price is equivalent to 1.52 kg of gold. But you need more than 3,000 kg of rose petals to extract l kg of rose oil. The rose-planting area accounts for 75% of the total cultivated area. In May and June every year at a week-long Rose Festival, people dance and sing and spray rose water.

Ivanovo Cave Churches

Monuments of Bulgaria. It is dug in a cliff on the church, located in northeastern Iraq near the city of Rousse Village where several Novo. The late 12th century, the monks in the Ivanovo near the village of Lom river cut along the cliff on a number of rooms and size of the church, and to promenade and wooden arch so closely linked together. The project took about 100 years. Almost all churches are decorated with magnificent murals, with the contents of landscape and people. This mural style reflects ancient Greek art with deep roots in the church frescoes, Tesaketa especially.

Varna scenic natural stone

This is located on the west bank at the Black Sea, and is an area of about 20 square kilometers. It is a relic of the ancient city with about 5 m tall pillars, the diameter ranging from 0.5 to 8 m. Stone surface roughness, holes more, and most had a small top-down channel. Peculiar style, not connected to each other, sometimes only 23 columns connected. Some of the more down more small, and many columns are all part of its swelling in about 1.5 m from the ground. Columns are all white sand and ground.

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