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Australia

Australia - riding on the sheep's back country
The Commonwealth of Australia is located between the Pacific and Indian Ocean and covers an area of 7,692,000 square kilometers. It has a population of 19.88 million, of which 74.2% are of British and Irish descent. Residents are primarily Christian and English is the official language. The currency is the Australian dollar and Canberra is the capital.

National Flag

Australia Flag

Australia’s flag is dark blue, and contains the British flag in the corner, symbolizing the strong historical relationship between the two countries. A seven-pointed star symbol of the largest component of Australia's six states and the northern autonomous region. Five white stars on behalf of Southern Cross. Australia Map

History

James Cook, a British navigator, arrived in Australia in 1770 and declared it a British colony. However, at this stage the island was already inhabited by Aborigines. On January 26, 1788, the first British settlers arrived in Australia, and that day is now celebrated as the Australian National Day. In July 1900, the British Parliament passed The Australian Federal Constitution and the Regulations of British dominions. On January 1, 1901, the Australian colony became part of the Commonwealth, under British dominion. In 1931 it became an independent state within the Commonwealth.

Economy and Cultural Customs

Australia is one of the most developed economies in the southern hemisphere, with modern agriculture, industry, and mining. It is second only to Canada in wheat production, and second only to Cuba in sugar production It also exports barley, oats, sugar, raisins, pears, and apples, with Tasmania known as the "Apple Island."
Australia has the world's largest number of sheep per capita, and is the world's largest wool producer and exporter, as well as having one of the world's most important mineral resources, including, aluminum, nickel, silver, tantalum, uranium, and zinc. It is also one of the world's largest bauxite, alumina, aluminum, stone, and molybdenum producers. It has a rich supply of fish with a fishing area bigger than the land area; Australia owns 16% of the world’s fishing resources, with the world's third largest fishing zone containing more than 5,000 species of fish, freshwater fish, crustaceans, and mollusks. The most valuable fish are shrimp, lobster, abalone, tuna, scallop, and oyster, Australia's climate is also suitable for the cultivation of grapes and the production of wine. Australia is a good welfare state, with many kinds of benefits, supporting the unemployed, veterans and their families, disable people, and those who are retired, amongst others. All permanent residents to enjoy a national health care system that is government funded through income tax..

Kaka National Park Society
Located in the most northern part of the Australian mainland, the Kaka National Park gets its name from the local indigenous people.. This piece of vast wilderness, with beautiful natural scenery and a more complete primitive ecological environment, is home to the large leaf cherry, lemon eucalyptus, and hoop pine, as well as more than 1,000 kinds of plants, hundreds of species of birds, and an exhaustive amount of reptiles. Rich and varied landscape, the national park contains grassland, swamps, cliffs, rivers and waterfalls, and has been referred to as "God's town." In addition, people have lived in this area for 1.8 million years, as is evident from the many ancient rock paintings. This is the world's only archaeological and ethnographic conservation area, and is the earliest human settlement site in Australia with the world's most ancient stone tools.

Platypus
Found in South Australia and Tasmania, the platypus is an unusual egg-laying mammals. Platypus live in rivers, eating crustaceans and mollusks. A female generally lays 2-3 eggs which are incubated for 10 days prior to hatching.

Kangaroo
Kangaroos are found all over Australia and the nearby islands. They have a pair of slender and powerful hind legs which enable them to jump far, and females have a pouch on their abdomen, where the fetus grows until it is fully developed. There are different types of kangaroo, of varying jump height and body length. Grey Kangaroo’s jump height can reach a maximum of 13.5 meters.

Koala
The koala is unique to Australia, with a dark, big nose, and heavy stout body. The koala sleeps for approximately 18 hours a day. It rarely drink water, collecting all it needs from eucalyptus leaves. Australia has more than 600 kinds of eucalyptus, although koalas only eat 48 types. Since Eucalyptus leaves contain water and fennel, the koala always exudes a pungent aroma.

Wei Song School of Sydney
The Sydney Opera House is novel and peculiar in shape, looking like the white sails of a sailing fleet. It has the appearance of white crystal, coordinating seamlessly with the surrounding natural landscape, a poetic Sydney landmark. Within the building is the opera concert hall, opera hall, movie theater, rehearsal hall, exhibition hall, library, and bar. The interior design is elegant and unique, and the sound, stage, and lighting effects are amongst the best in the world.

Into Langhi Lakes
In South Australia, covering a total area of about 6,000 square kilometers, the Ham Langhi grasslands are found, dotted with multiple lakes, many rivers, and a plethora of wildlife. Where lake area is small, but the quantity, and a freshwater lake, and more at the low hill between low mountains. Most of the rivers that flow into Little Lake are seasonal.. Wild animals enjoy lush pastures, with over 200 species living in the area. The terrain has also long been inhabited by humans, and is the ancient Australian Aboriginal cultural district known as the ‘prairie.’

Ginolin cave
Ginolin cave, located in the Blue Mountains to the west of Sydney in the Australia foothills, is a popular tourist destination, originally known as Mingaiyinda cave. The caves were formed by billions of years of erosion caused by the flow of groundwater. This resulted in the natural construction of majestic, beautiful, deep, and hard caves. Some of the most famous caves King Dong, Dong Tung, Ho-dong, Lucas Cave, Geary-dong, Scarves, and Skull Hole cave. The area was discovered by the Europeans in 1838, and by about 1867 the New South Wales state government declared it a "Protected Area." Visitors can view impressive stalactites, stalagmites, and the bizarre Dan Man in the lamp light flashing bright...

Gold Coast City
Gold Coast City, in the south of Brisbane, is named for its long stretches golden beaches, spanning around 32 kilometers. Here the impact of the Pacific warm zone is felt, with year-round sunshine and pleasant temperatures. The Kulumubin beach protected areas covers about 20 hectares, and is home to many species of birds, including the Red-billed Blue Ling and hundreds of green feathered parakeets. Gold Coast City is also the location of the country's largest marine park, with a wonderful dolphin show.

Ayers Rock
Ayers Rock, found in Australia's Uluru National Park, got its name from the Europeans who discovered it in 1872. It is a large stone 3,000 meters in length, 348 meters high, and with an area of about 8,500 meters. It is the world's largest single body of rock, composed mainly of gravel, with a high iron content. Its red surface is caused by air oxidation, which earns it the nickname Redstone. Its color is unique, and depending on the degree of sunlight which falls on its surface the rock can appear red, pink, purple, orange, and brown. The surface is smooth, bright, and barren, and it is one of the world's most ancient rocks.

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