Your are here: Online Shopping > Countries in the World > List of Countries in Asia

Countries in Asia

Asia Overview
Northeast Asia is in the eastern hemisphere, bounded to the east by the Pacific Ocean, the Indian Ocean to the south, the Arctic to the north, and the Mediterranean and Black Sea to the west. In the ancient language, Asian means "sunrise." There are 48 Asian countries and regions with a population of 3.823 billion, accounting for 60.7% of the total world population. This population is mostly of Mongoloid or Asian ethnic origin. Asia comprises an area of 44,000,000 square meters, accounting for 29.4% of the world's land area. The native languages belong to Sino-Tibetan family of languages, including those languages of South Asia, Altai, North Korea, Japan and others. With Buddhism, Islam and Christianity, Asia was the cradle of three religions.

Asian History
Asia was one of the primary birthplaces of world civilization. Asian people have had, throughout the long river of human history, a brilliant culture. As early as 3000 BC, Asians had learned cooking and pottery, and used fire to smelt ore. The first phase of their transition from nomadic to settled life involved farming, irrigation, and domestication of livestock, and they later invented the wheel, paper, gunpowder, printing, the compass, and Arabic numerals. Before the Industrial Revolution in the 18th century, most of the world's major technological achievements originated in Asia, and Asia has made great contributions to the world economy. In the 18th century, Western colonialism and imperialism led Western countries to invade many Asian countries, colonizing and semi-colonizing them. Since World War II, these countries have freed themselves from the yoke of colonialism, declaring their independence.

Asian Terrain
Asia's high altitude base fluctuates in the middle of high terrain, surrounded by lowlands, uplands, and sunken white. The average altitude is about 950 m, with mountains, plateaus and hills about three-quarters of the total area. Asia has the world's highest peak, Mount Everest; the world's highest plateau, the Tibet Plateau; the world's lowest depression, the Dead Sea; the deepest lake, Lake Baikal; the world's largest lake, the Caspian Sea; the world's largest peninsula, the Arabian Peninsula; and the world's largest archipelago, the Marx and Lenin Islands .

Asia Climate
Parts of southeast Asia and East Asia are temperate and subtropical humid monsoon regions, while the rest of Southeast Asiaand South Asia area humid tropical monsoon areas and Central Asia, West Asia and East Asia are arid regions. Low winter temperatures predominate in most parts of Asia, with the average temperature of the coldest month below 0 ℃ in half the region. In the North, it is cold year-round, with less rainfall. The East has a temperate monsoon climate, with a hot and rainy summer and a cold and dry winter. Central and western Asia have a temperate continental climate, with less rainfall, more desert, and great differences between summer and winter day and night. In the southern tropics, it is hot year-round, with tropical monsoon and tropical rain forest climates. The western Mediterranean coast has the Mediterranean climate, with warm summers and dry winters.

Tibetan Valleys - Brahmaputra Canyon
The Grand Canyon is located in southeast China's Tibetan Brahmaputra River Great Bend and is the world's deepest, longest, and highest river canyon. Grand Canyon is a full 496 km long, with a maximum depth of 5382 meters and an average depth of 5000 meters. In addition to spectacular natural scenery, here the world's water resources are the most concentrated. Growing in the Grand Canyon are 3700 kinds of plants in their original state. From the equator to the Arctic, the various sub-regions have their own ecosystems and vegetation types; it is the world's most biologically diverse canyon valley.

Snowy Office Pa - Mount Everest
Nepal is located on the eastern border and north slope of the territory of Tibet, and the southern slope in Nepal. Rising 8844.43 meters above sea level, Everest is the highest peak in the world. It is known as Qomolangma in Tibetan, which means "Goddess Third." The Everest region has four peaks more than 8,000 meters high and 38 peaks over 7,000 meters high, known by reputation as the "Third Pole of the Earth.". Everest, the mountain, takes the shape of a pyramid, surrounded by very advantageous terrain, snowy peaks, and changing weather. Between the ridges and cliffs, dotted with hundreds of small glaciers, there are the beautiful magic Bing Talin.  Nine or ten days every year in May are suitable for climbing Mount Everest. During this season, at 8000-9000 meters above the ground, the wind speed is less than 20 meters / second, and there is no falling snow.

Asia has the following countries and regions: